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Rome stands on top of more than two and a half thousand years of history, was once the largest city in the world and a major centre of Western civilisation. Rome is still the seat of the Roman Catholic Church which controls the Vatican City as its sovereign territory, an enclave of Rome.
Today, Rome is a modern and cosmopolitan city and the third most-visited tourist destination in the European Union. Rome's international airport, Fiumicino, is the largest in Italy and the city hosts the head offices of the vast majority of the major Italian companies, as well as the headquarters of three of the world's 100 largest companies: Enel, ENI, and Telecom Italia.
As one of the few major European cities that escaped World War II relatively unscathed, central Rome remains essentially Renaissance and Baroque in character. The historic centre of Rome is listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.
|Nickname(s):||The Eternal City||- City||1,285 km² (496.1 sq mi)|
|Motto:||Senātus Populusque Rōmānus (SPQR) (Latin)||- Urban||5,352 km² (2,066 sq mi)|
|Location of Rome||Elevation||+20 m (66 ft)|
|Coordinates:||41°54′N 12°30′E||Population (December 2006)|
|Region||Lazio||- City||2,705,603 (1st)|
|Province||Rome (RM)||- Density||2,105.5/km²|
|Founded||21 April, 753 BC||(4,664.8/sq mi)|
|- Mayor||Giovanni Alemanno||Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
Saint Peter and
|Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Postal codes||00121 to 00199||Area code(s)||06|