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November 29, 2009

Mtg: Medical Robotics: Bioports to the Human Body (with demo)

by @ 7:12 pm. Filed under ALL, BioEngineering, Communications, Computers/Software, Electronics Design, Optics/Displays
 

THURSDAY December 10, 2009
SCV Robotics and Automation Chapter
Speaker: Dr. Jacob Rosen, Department of Computer Engineering, University of California – Santa Cruz
Time: Presentation at 7:00 PM
Cost: none
Place: UC Santa Cruz, Engineering 2 (E2) building, Santa Cruz
RSVP: not required
Web: ewh.ieee.org/r6/scv/ras

Medical Robotics is an emerging sub-discipline of robotics in which humans are the focal point of its creation.? Humans interact with medical robotics either as health providers such as physicians or as the healthcare recipients – the patients.? Introducing a medical robot at the interface between a physician and a patient is based on an understanding of the medical treatment itself and its related biology physiology and anatomy.? Inherent to the field of medical robotics is a unique synergy between medicine, life and health sciences, and many sub-disciplines of engineering.? In this talk two categories of Medical robotics will be explored: surgical robotics and wearable robotics.
The operating room of the future is envisioned as fully automated cell that includes only one human being – the patient.? The local surgeon will be replaced by a surgical robot that will be teleoperated through wired and wireless communication, from any place around globe.? The system will manage all the aspects of surgery, from monitoring the movements of the surgical robot to managing the supply chain.? Achieving such a system depends on answering research questions such as what are the physical variables that lead to tissue damage; how to optimize the robotic arms to minimize their footprint in the operating room; how to objective assess surgical skill, and how to control the system from a distance to perform telesurgery.
A wearable robot is a system that humans wear as an extension of their body.? In case of a missing limb a wearable robot serves as prosthetic device.? In case of an existing limb with disabled functions it serves as an orthotic device.? As opposed to surgical robotics where the human machine interface is limited to the physical level, a wearable robot may interact with the patient at the neural level, utilizing the body’s own control signals.? The end result is to achieve a natural control of the wearable robot by the human operator as an extension of his or her body.? Establishing the human machine interface at the neural level leads to research questions such as how to predict the muscular activity in real time and utilize this information for the exoskeleton operation along with additional questions in biosignals processing, neuromuscular modeling, and human motor control.

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