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September 20, 2014

Mtg: Topological Effects in Nanomagnetism: From Perpendicular Recording to Monopoles

by @ 8:31 am. Filed under ALL, NanoEngineering, Optics/Displays

TUESDAY October 14, 2014
SCV Magnetics Chapter
– stablility, defects, quantum effects, nanoislands, future data storage …
Speaker: Hans-Benjamin Braun, School of Physics, University College Dublin
Time: Networking and pizza at 6:45 PM; Presentation at 7:30 PM
Cost: none
Place: Western Digital, 1710 Automation Parkway, San Jose
RSVP: not required

Similar to knots in a rope, the magnetization in a material can form particularly robust configurations.  Such topologically stable structures include domain walls, vortices and skyrmions which are not just attractive candidates for future data storage applications but are also of fundamental importance to current memory technology.  For example, the creation of domain wall pairs of opposite chirality delimits the thermal stability of bits in present high anisotropy perpendicular recording media.  The ever increasing demand for higher data storage density forces us to understand topological defects at ever decreasing length scales where thermal and quantum effects play an increasingly important role.
This talk will be adapted to the interests of the audience and will start with an overview over topological defects in magnetic systems.  As a practical application it is shown how thermal domain wall nucleation affects the design of perpendicular magnetic recording media. In a second part, it is demonstrated how the geometric Berryâ??s phase allows micromagnetics to be extended to include quantum effects.  As an important consequence it will be shown how the chirality of a classical domain wall translates into quantum spin currents which in turn can be used for information transport.  All concepts will be illustrated by state of the art experiments, which encompass the techniques of polarized neutrons and synchrotron x-rays.  The final part of the talk will discuss how magnetic monopoles emerge as topological defects in densely packed arrays of nanoislands which effectively interact as dipoles, a system also known as â??artificial spin iceâ??. In contrast to conventional thin films, where magnetization reversal occurs via nucleation and extensive domain growth, magnetization reversal in 2D artificial spin ice is restricted to an avalanche-type formation of 1D strings.  These objects constitute classical versions of Dirac strings that feed magnetic flux into the emergent magnetic monopoles.  It is demonstrated how the motion of these magnetic charges can be individually controlled experimentally and used to perform simple logic operations.


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