Southern New Jersey Professional Societies

Meeting Archive 2013 - 2014

Wednesday October 15, 2014

Fire Induced Flows, Smoke Transport and Coagulation: Numerical Simulations and Measurements

Speaker: Bakhtier Farouk, Professor Mechanical Engineering and Mechanics Drexel University

Application of the ‘large eddy simulation’ (LES) techniques to fires and fire induced flows and smoke transport is relatively recent. Though the demand on computational power is somewhat greater than the more traditional techniques of modeling fires, the application of LES techniques to modeling fire plumes and enclosure fires has resulted in remarkable extraction of temporal and spatial details. Large scale eddies are directly simulated and subgrid scale motion is represented with the Smagorinsky model. Several applications of the model of fire simulation will be presented. These include naturally occurring fire whirls; fire and smoke spread in aircraft cargo and passenger compartments and smoke transport and coagulation prediction.


Wednesday September 17, 2014

The Challenges of System of Systems

Speaker: Dr. Clifton Baldwin, FAA NAS Systems Engineering

A growing number of systems are routinely classified as systems of systems (SoS), even though clear and rigorous definitions are lacking, which differentiate SoS from other types of systems. SoS present many additional challenges than traditional systems. For example, the variety of systems, each with their own set of requirements, can cause problems for verification and validation, and the interconnected nature of these systems creates new complications for risk management. If indeed, there is something special about a SoS, then we need a way to uniquely separate such a system from other similar entities. We will discuss what makes a SoS different than a traditional system and explore some of its challenges.


Wednesday May 21, 2014

Aviation Research and Development at the Technical Center

Speaker: Dr. Eric Neiderman, FAA Aviation Research Division

Dr. Neiderman will provide an overview of Research, Engineering, and Development (RE&D) in the FAA and the work that is being conducted by the Aviation Research Division (ANG-E2) at the Technical Center. Highlights of fire safety, advanced materials, aviation fuels, human factors, and airports research will be presented. The topics of aerospace technological advancement, strategic research, and impact will be discussed.

Dr. Eric Neiderman is the Acting Manager of the Aviation Research Division. The division includes the Fire Safety Branch, the Human Factors Branch, the Airport Technology R&D Branch, the Software and Systems Branch, and the Structures and Propulsion Branch. He has more than 19 years of government experience, beginning with the Federal Aviation as an engineering research psychologist working in aviation security. Eric headed the Aviation Security Human Factors Program, and transitioned to the Transportation Security Administration and then the Department of Homeland Security in the wake of the 9/11 attacks. At DHS Science & Technology he served as the Division Manager for Detection and Deterrence Systems. He is also an adjunct professor at the Fels Center of Government at the University of Pennsylvania.

April 2014

Air Traffic Controller (ATC) Simulation with AGENTFLY

Speaker: Dr. Premysl Volf, Senior Researcher at Agent Technology Center, Czech Technical University in Prague

AGENTFLY is an agent-based, fast-time simulation model prototype in development by the Czech Technical University (CTU) for the FAA. The development of an ATC Agent within AGENTFLY was prompted by the need for human performance modeling to assess NextGen concepts in a fast-time simulation environment. This would not eliminate the need for real-time simulation, but would supplement a study by providing a first order look at human performance requirements and thus enhance the real-time simulation with output revealed during the fast-time simulations. AGENTFLY’s ATC agent is represented as a computer information-processing entity with four concurrent processing channels (Visual, Cognitive, Auditory, and Psychomotor, together abbreviated VCAP), in line with Wickens’ (1984) model of attention and mental workload. This presentation will cover the development of the ATC Agent as well as the AGENTFLY validation effort which showed positive results.


Wednesday Mar 19, 2014

SPACE Weather

Speaker: Noah Rosen, Navigation Engineer, GDIT

Understanding and predicting Space Weather has become important as society increasingly relies upon satellite technologies. The potential consequences of a solar storm could ripple through our technology and various infrastructures, causing economic and societal disruptions. Power grid outages, high-frequency communication blackouts, and spacecraft anomalies have all occurred in the past as a result of space weather. With the emergence of new industries such as Commercial space (space tourism) and Unmanned Airborne Systems (UAS), space weather presents new considerations. This presentation will introduce aspects of space weather and discuss some of the potential impacts from space weather events. Mr. Rosen is a navigation engineer for GDIT supporting FAA WJHTC Navigation Programs. He is versed in analysis of satellite navigation signals in space (GPS, WAAS). The study of ionospheric impacts on signals has included study of Space weather concepts. Mr. Rosen is a Lehigh University graduate in BS Computer Engineering and MS Electrical Engineering.

NASA/Associated Press / March 2012
A solar flare is seen in this extreme
ultraviolet wavelength image.

Wednesday Jan 15, 2014


Well, you didn’t say not to! A formal systems engineering approach to teaching an unruly architecture good behavior

Speaker: Kristin Giammarco, PhD, Naval Postgraduate School

This presentation introduces a new formal modeling approach known as Monterey Phoenix (MP), which has features that enable prediction of emergent reactive system and system of systems (SoS) behaviors that result from interactions among subsystems and among the system and its environment. The approach emphasizes specification of component behavior and component interaction as separate concerns at the architectural level, consistent with well-accepted definitions of SoS. Implementing this separation of concerns in modeled architectures substantially increases the number of behaviors appearing in simulations for better prediction of design flaws and other latent behaviors. MP provides a new capability for automatically verifying system behaviors early in the lifecycle, when design flaws are most easily and inexpensively corrected. MP extends existing frameworks and allows multiple visualizations for different stakeholders, and has potential for application in multiple domains.  


Thursday Nov 21, 2013

The Rise and Development of Synthesis Gas to Synthetic Fuels

Speaker: Dr. Cunping Huang, Hiasun Inc.

High energy prices and volatility in recent years have stimulated worldwide interests in finding and developing new sources of energy to meet increasing demands. In the coming decades, coal, biomass and natural gas are expected to play a key role as alternative energy sources in the rapidly growing economy for countries like China, India as well as United States. To meet the needs of increasing supplies while protecting the environment, continued technology advances will be critical. One such development is the conversion of coal, biomass and natural gas into high quality, clean-burning transportation fuels. This presentation briefly introduces synthesis gas production via gasification of coal and biomass as well as via steam methane reforming of natural gas. The focus of the presentation will be in the liquid synthetic fuel production via synthesis gas. 


Wednesday, Sep 18 2013

Trajectory Based Operations Conflict Resolution Advisories

Speaker: Dr. Christina M. Young, WJHTC ANG-C41


Determination of Lateral and Vertical Adherence to Route

Speaker: Nicole Nelson, WJHTC ANG-C41

Dr. Young’s paper describes a substantial fast-time simulation study that was conducted using the Conflict Resolution Advisory prototype software in an ERAM (En Route Automation Modernization)-like modeling environment. This study varied the extent to which 2-part amendments were fully entered into the ground automation, and calculated the effect on trajectory modeling and conflict probe alert performance. The paper describes the experiment and results in detail, and was awarded Best Paper of the session.

Ms. Nelson’s paper details determining the adherence of an aircraft to its cleared route of flight is critical in evaluating the performance of various NextGen components. The paper describes an algorithm used to calculate adherence, recent enhancements, and an experiment to calibrate and verify the modifications.

Wednesday, May 15 2013

Managing Complexity in the 21st Century Enterprise

Speaker: Dr. Wilson N. Felder, Stevens Institute of Technology

Dr. Felder will show that the application of digital processing to just about everything, including the smallest and most mundane appliances and subsystems, is a distinguishing feature of the information revolution. At the other end of the spectrum, digitally smart subcomponents are aggregated into systems, and those systems are in turn aggregated into widespread networks characterized by the constant and voluminous flow of data among component systems. These networked digital systems-of-systems, continuously evolving to new levels of complexity, require a transformed engineering approach. Looking at systems at an enterprise level leads to new approaches to the design, development, and management of the extended enterprise, including the application of architecture frameworks and portfolio management techniques. At the same time, the need for planning flexibility puts a premium on enlightened leadership techniques to deal with the constantly changing organizational context, availability of new technology, and dynamically changing requirements that are the hallmarks of the complex system world. 

Wednesday, April 17 2013

Storyboarding the National Airspace System

Speaker: Harry Bilicki, FAA Test Standards Board

Mr. Bilicki will present how “Storyboarding” can be used to understand the NAS. Animation will be used to demonstrate how the NAS Architecture can be understood from the highest functional level to the most detailed design level. This is accomplished without the use of expensive software tools and software development. Other examples include a commercial flight takeoff scenario with voice over and the latest concept of Data Communications (DATACOMM), both of which will illustrate a sequence of events as the flight transits the NAS. The audience may garner applicability of “Storyboarding” towards demonstrating ideas, Concepts of Operation, Requirements Analysis, and as an aid to Developmental and Operational Test briefings.


Wednesday, March 20 2013

FAA Fire Safety Research on Lithium Batteries

Speaker: Constantine P. (Gus) Sarkos, FAA, Fire Safety Branch

Lithium Batteries have caused numerous fire incidents in commercial aviation and are suspected contributing factors in two fatal in-flight fire accidents in freighter (all cargo) aircraft. The FAA's Fire Research and Safety R&D Program, which is conducted by the Fire Safety Branch, includes lithium battery fire safety research. This presentation will review progress in understanding the nature of lithium battery fire hazards and measures that have been implemented to improve lithium battery fire safety. Current and planned research will also be described where the focus is on safeguarding the shipment of large quantities of lithium batteries in freighter aircraft.

Wednesday, February 20 2013


Speaker: Andrew Crowell, FAA, Concepts Analysis Branch

Mr. Crowell will be presenting a software tool called FliteViz4D (formerly FlightGUI) that the Concept Analysis Branch developed for analysis of air traffic concepts. FliteViz4D is an interactive 3D visualization tool. It allows the user to see air traffic concepts in 3-dimensional space and analyze those concepts using an ever-expanding toolset. It is designed to be flexible and extensible, allowing it to be adapted to analyze almost anything related to air traffic. An early version of this software was presented in the past. This presentation will provide an overview of the changes to the software since then, as well as its deployment as open-source software to the industry.  


Wednesday, January 16 2013

Passive RFID Technology Applications

Speaker: Kevin Donahue, Managing Director, RFID TagSource

The aerospace industry has long sought a solution for storing maintenance history information directly on aircraft parts. In 2005 leading airframe manufacturers determined that passive Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technology presented a unique opportunity to address this industry need. Through the efforts of the Air Transport Association (ATA) RFID on Parts Committee and SAE International testing standards and data specifications are in place to support the broad adoption of passive RFID for storing parts history information directly on aircraft parts. This presentation will provide a brief overview of passive RFID technology and the unique characteristics of this technology. Also covered will be the research completed for this technology under a cooperative research and development agreement at the William J. Hughes FAA Technical Center.