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IEEE Region 3, Council 09, Section 65   March 2000
March Meeting 
Joint with Computer/Control/
Industrial Electronics Chapter		1
Reservations				2
VMS Activities: Meeting Report		3
ExComm Meeting				4
Student Contest				5
Metrowire Service			6
Electronic Newsletter			7
Chair's Comments			8 
Chapter Chairs - Attention		9
That All May Know			10 
Draper prize to past VMS member		11
Comp/Control/Ind. Eng. Chapter		12
Half Year memberships			13
Britannica Award			14
New Travel Benefits			15
IEEE-USA Notes				16
1999-2000 VMS Schedule			17
VMS Section				18

**************************************************************** ( 1 )
March Meeting 
Joint with Computer / Control /Industrial Electronics Chapter

DSL vs. Cable Modems
Telco and CATV Competition for Broadband Wireline Access

Dr. Ira Jacobs, Professor
The Bradley Department of Electrical and 
Computer Engineering, Virginia Tech

Although the bit-rate capability of 
modems has increased remarkably, the 
56K capability of current modems is likely 
the end of the road for voiceband modems. 
Two technologies for broadband (greater 
than 1.5 Megabit/s) wireline access 
currently exist: digital subscriber line 
(DSL) systems on telephone company 
twisted-wire pairs, and cable modems 
using CATV company coaxial cables.

These systems differ not only because of 
the transmission capabilities of these 
media, but more so because of differences 
in the way that telephone and CATV 
networks are constructed. There are 
differences also in the types of services 
that can be offered, and the nature (and 
consequently the cost) of the equipment 
necessary in the home and in the service 
provider offices.

We will discuss these differences as they 
affect the competition between telephone 
companies and CATV providers for the 
broadband access market. We will also 
discuss how fiber optic cable in telephone 
company and CATV networks influence 
the provision and future expansion of 
broadband access.

The Speaker
Ira Jacobs joined the faculty at Virginia 
Tech as Professor of Electrical 
Engineering and member of the Fiber and 
Electro-Optics Research Center in 1987, 
following a career of 32 years at AT&T 
Bell Laboratories. He received a BS from 
City College of New York in 1950, and an 
MS and Ph.D. in physics from Purdue 
University in 1952 and 1955, respectively.

He was at Bell Laboratories from 1955 to 
1987, working in the fields of electro-
magnetic and communication theory, and 
then transmission systems engineering 
and development. 

Dr. Jacobs was elected a Fellow of the 
IEEE in 1981, and was named a Life 
Fellow in 1995. He is Senior Adviser to 
the Editor of IEEE Transactions on 
Communications and was an Associate 
Editor of IEEE Photonics Technology 
Letters. He was Vice-Chair of IEEE 
Southeastcon '97, and has been on the 
Executive Committee of the IEEE 
Virginia Mountain Section since 1994.

**************************************************************** ( 2 )
Date:   Thursday, March 16, 2000
Social:         	6:30 PM 
Dinner:         	7:00 PM
Talk:   		8:00 PM
Cost:  Member or Guest	$15.00
Student         		$ 7.00
Clarion Hotel Roanoke Airport
        2727 Ferndale Drive NW
        I581 Exit 3 Hershberger Rd West
        1st Rt. onto Ferncliff Ave.,
        2nd Rt. onto Ferndale Drive.
Reserve by 5 PM  Monday March 13
 Dan Jackson  	(540) 774-0484
 Ira Jacobs  	(540) 231-5620
 David Livingston	(540)464-7545
Radford and Christiansburg:
 Russell Churchill 	(540) 731-0655

**************************************************************** ( 3 )
VMS Activities

Meeting Report 
February 17, 2000

Bart Cregger

Engineering Education for the 21st 
Century: The Model at VCU

The fifth meeting of the 1999-2000 
season was held February 17, 2000 in 
the American Electric Power (AEP) 
Christiansburg facility. Twenty-four 
participants enjoyed a catered dinner 
followed by Bart Cregger's interesting 
description of what it takes to start a 
new School of Engineering. Bart is the 
Assistant Dean of Engineering 
responsible for the overall operations 
and undergraduate programs. VCU 
launched its school in August 1996 and 
currently has 425 students majoring in 
four undergraduate engineering 
programs: Biomedical, Chemical, 
Electrical, and Mechanical. The School 
of Engineering is housed in a new 43 
million dollar facility containing 
120,000 square feet.

Bart concentrated his presentation on 
the Electrical Engineering major. 
Specializations are offered in Computer 
Engineering, Communications, Control 
and Automation, and Microelectronics. 
The Microelectronics facilities include 
the 27,000 square foot Virginia 
Microelectronics Center which contains 
a 5000 square foot student run factory-
laboratory and a 2500 square foot 
research laboratory having Class 1000 
clean rooms. VCU combines its new 
facilities with a unique program to 
encourage highly goal orientated 
students to prepare themselves to be 
successful in industry. Special areas of 
emphasis include laboratory experience 
every semester, business and 
manufacturing concepts, 
communications ability, interpersonal 
teamwork skills building, and a 
required summer industrial internship 
between the junior and senior years.

The first four year undergraduate class 
will graduate in Spring 2000. The 
school is expecting to grow to 1000 
undergraduates and 200 graduate 
students in the next five years. A joint 
five year program will be offered with 
the Business School to earn both the 
BS and MBA degrees. Virginia 
Commonwealth University (VCU) 
offers 157 degree programs and has an 
enrollment of 23,000 students. This 
diversity offers strong support for the 
new School of Engineering to further 
develop interdisciplinary thrust areas in 
nanotechnology, life science 
engineering, and design and 
automation. MS and Ph.D. programs 
will commence in the Fall 2000.

Dave Kingma thanked Bart for coming 
from Richmond to acquaint us with this 
new engineering education asset. Ted 
Aaron and his team were again our 
hosts, and we wish to thank them for 
handling the arrangements and for their 
cheery hospitality.
...Howard J. Moses

**************************************************************** ( 4 )
ExComm Meeting

Board members please note. The 
March meeting will be preceded by an 
ExComm meeting at 5:30.
**************************************************************** ( 5 )
Student Contest

Our annual student competition will be 
held at VMI this year.

The competition will be among papers 
presented orally at the April meeting.

Unofficially, prizes will probably be 
similar to last year when more than 
$700.00 was awarded.

See forthcoming campus notices for 


**************************************************************** ( 6 )
Meeting Announcements Now On

The Roanoke on-line public service site 
Metrowire now carries our meeting 
notices. Browse to
choose: Calendar
then: participating organizations: IEEE
A "search" leads to a short 
announcement and a link to the VMS  
web page.

**************************************************************** ( 7 )
Electronic Newsletter

Please Sign On


Responses to our request to accept the 
electronic version of the Newsletter in 
lieu of hard copy is still increasing. 
More members signed on last month 
We strongly encourage more of you to 
sign up.
As noted previously, the Newsletter is 
the largest single expense in the 
Section's budget. The total cost is 
about $0.50 per copy. That's a small 
number but we send out about 500 
copies each month. We are trying to 
trim the mailing to free funds for other 

Please send your name to the editor 
(j.fennick@ieee.org) with a short note 
requesting sign-on. We will see that 
you are placed on the distribution list.

Note, the Newsletter is also available, 
along with back issues, on our Web 
site. Go to:



**************************************************************** ( 8 )

by Dan Jackson

Cattle ranchers brand their cattle so 
they and all others may know who the 
cattle belong to. Car companies make 
many different models of cars but they 
frequently add the company name to 
the car and they always put the 
company logo on. A number of years 
ago Virginia Tech was known by 
several different names, VPI, VPI & 
SU, Virginia Poly, and Virginia Tech 
among them. The university finally 
decided to use one name, Virginia 
Tech, so that the public would not 
think that there were several different 

IEEE with ten geographical regions, 
299 sections, 1144 chapters, 970 
student branches, ten technical 
divisions with 37 societies, and a 
considerable number of other entities 
has been perceived by many members 
and nonmembers as a fragmented 
organization and not the single premier 
technical professional organization 
which it really is. Over the past two 
years the IEEE Board of Directors 
conducted a study aimed at establishing 
a single IEEE brand identity and an up 
to date logo recognizable worldwide. 
After considerable, sometimes heated, 
debate the Board decided that the logo 
designed in 1963 when the AIEE and 
the IRE merged was modern and 
suitable for the 21st century. It is 
strictly graphic and, therefore, 
recognizable regardless of one's 
language or type of alphabet. I highly 
recommend that you read the article, 
"That All May Know," by Cleon 
Anderson, Region 6 Director, which 
appears elsewhere in this Newsletter. 
He provides a very good explanation of 
the significance of the parts of our 
logo. We should be proud to be part of 
our profession and wear our logo with 
pride. It reminds us as well of what we 
owe to those who have gone before.

...Dan Jackson

**************************************************************** ( 9 )
Attention Chapter Chairs

Need help with Meetings?

Meetings help to achieve the goals of 
education and professional 
advancement basic to all IEEE 
Technical Societies and provide a way 
to manage Chapter business. For some 
pointers on the basic components of 
holding successful meetings, go to the 
Section/Chapter Support web page at
Select the link for Resources for 
Officers, then "How to hold a 
Successful Chapter Meeting."


**************************************************************** ( 10 )
That All May Know

The Institute of Electrical and 
Electronic Engineers, pars pro toto, 
"The Institute" is also warmly known 
to its members as aye-triple-ee: IEEE. 
The beginnings of this organization 
date back to 1884 as the AIEE, the 
American Institute of Electrical 
Engineers. In 1963 the AIEE and the 
Institute of Radio Engineers, IRE, 
which had existed since 1912 merged. 
Because these two groups had a large 
number of members in common, they 
had come to realize that their general 
interests in electrical and electronic 
engineering lay together. So those 
common members joined forces to form 
the IEEE, with the determination to 
make it the premier scientific and 
educational organization. Such is the 
vision of IEEE: to advance global 
prosperity by fostering technological 
innovation, enabling members' careers 
and promoting community worldwide. 
Since the merger, electrical engineering 
has proven to be the learned profession 
at the forefront in most, if not all, 
modem technological development. The 
breadth of the technologies involve are 
represented by 37 societies of IEEE. 
These technologies have proliferated 
into every facet of human endeavor and 
are largely responsible for the quality 
of life enjoyed in the world today. As 
the breadth of these technologies from 
nuclear and oceanic science to 
computer hardware and software is 
viewed, it seems quite distant to 
remember the work of Faraday, 
Maxwell, Gauss, Heavyside, Joule, 
Ohm, Ampere, Volta, Watt, Weber, 
Tesla, Marconi and the other 19^ 
century founders of this profession. 
However, that all may know, we 
celebrate the work of these founders 
symbolically in the logo of IEEE.

When the founding organizations were 
joined in 1963 there was considerable 
effort expended to unify and simplify 
logos of these organizations while at 
the same time retaining their historical 
significance. The result of this work is 
the IEEE logo that we know today. It is 
the symbol we often refer to in familiar 
terms as the kite and right-hand rule. 
And symbolic it is:

A committee headed by Alexander 
Graham Bell in 1893 designed the 
AlEE's first logo. It was a kite shaped 
badge with a periphery marked by a 
coil of gold wire. The midpoints were 
spanned by a galvanometer complete 
with a blued steel needle on an amber 
disk. In 1897 another AIEE logo was 
developed using two linked circles to 
describe the relationship between the 
electric and magnetic fields. In 1912 
the IRE logo was developed using a 
triangle and arrows to represent these 
same electrical and magnetic forces 
using the configuration of the right-
hand rule.

The use of the right-hand rule in the 
IEEE logo captures, in simplistic 
terms, the great mathematical 
foundations of the profession as 
described in Maxwell's Equations. The 
right-hand rule is symbolic of the 
mathematical relationship between the 
electric and magnetic fields. It serves as 
a reminder that electrical engineering 
and the technologies that flow from it, 
are based on the calculus and higher 
orders of mathematics as would be 
expected of a learned profession.

In a similar manner the kite, as found 
in the original logo of the AIEE, 
represents the kite used by Benjamin 
Franklin when he discovered electricity 
in lightning. So the kite immortalizes 
discovery as an essential element of the 
engineering profession. One is 
immediately drawn to the effort 
expended by Edison as he tried filament 
after filament leading to the discovery 
of the incandescent lamp. Today, 
discovery remains the essential tool of 
a technologist. The kite represents 
discovery just as Edison's work 
provides us a definitive example of the 
discovery process.

The IEEE kite logo is shown without 
the tail and in a symmetrical diamond 
form. The geometry of diamond shaped 
kite with its right-hand rule can also be 
viewed as a stylized form of the 
Wheatstone bridge. It has been said 
that this bridge with its galvanometer 
also depicts the earliest observation of 
electrical phenomena by Thales, and 
the source of the word electricity. The 
bridge is used as a precise 
measurement tool. Folklore 
surrounding the Wheatstone bridge 
reminds us that the linemen of 
yesteryear used it to predict the 
location of a break in a telegraph line 
to within the distance between two 
poles. And further, they would often 
bet coffee on which pole the break was 
closest to. Hence, the diamond 
symmetry of the IEEE logo represents 
the technologist's use of precision 
instrumentation and exact measurement 
as indispensable tools of the profession.

The logo of the IEEE serves as a 
reminder to our diverse membership, 
that today, we but stand on the 
shoulders of the giants who founded 
our profession. As part of the master 
brand of IEEE, the logo serves as a 
reminder of the underlying unity of the 
technologies that have flooded to fill 
the world as the result of the practice of 
electrical and electronic engineering. 
Transcending language, this symbol 
has become known worldwide. It is 
expressive of those engineering tools 
that will continue to be used to foster 
technological innovation: advanced 
mathematics, measurement, 
instrumentation, and discovery. And in 
the end. Providence willing, this logo 
will represent the engineers, scientists 
and technologists who will be known 
for promoting community worldwide.

Written by
W. Cleon Anderson Director, Region 6
November 25,1999


**************************************************************** ( 11 )
Past Section Member Wins 
Draper Prize

Engineering's highest honor, the 1999 
Charles Stark Draper Prize has been 
awarded to three pioneers in fiber optic 
technology. Charles Kao, past member 
of the Virginia Mountain Section, will 
share the $500,000 award with Robert 
Maurer and John MacChesney. They 
will be receiving the award during 
National Engineers Week 2000.

Charles Kao, who was working at 
ITT's Standard Telecommunications 
Laboratories in the 1960s, theorized 
about how to use light for 
communication instead of copper wire. 
He was the first to publicly propose the 
possibility of a practical application for 
fiber optic telecommunication. Some of 
his early work was done here in 
Roanoke at the ITT facility.

The Draper Prize was established in 
1988 to recognize individuals whose 
outstanding engineering achievements 
have contributed to the well-being and 
freedom of humanity. Although 
previously awarded biennially, the 
Draper Prize will now be awarded 
annually. This prize is awarded by the 
National Academy of Engineering and 
is generally considered the Nobel of 

Information for this article came from 
the Engineering Times, November 


**************************************************************** ( 12 )
Computer / Control /
Industrial Electronics Chapter

Scott Midkiff of Virginia Tech will 
speak at the April meeting on MOBILE 
talk will cover the rapid advances being 
made in the development and 
deployment of mobile Internet services. 
He will briefly survey important 
technologies -- at the link, network, and 
application level -- that enable wireless 
mobile Internet access. Specifically, he 
will discuss mobile data services, the 
IEEE 802.11 wireless LAN standard, 
Bluetooth for personal area networks, 
mobile ad hoc networks, and other 
Scott is known to VMS IEEE members 
as a former newsletter editor, and long 
time active member of the Section. He 
received his degrees from Duke and 
Stanford, and has been at Tech longer 
than I have been at GE in Salem (this 
time). His research interests include 
computer networks, including wireless 
networks, broadband network 
management, network applications, and 
performance evaluation. He is 
associated with the Center for Wireless 
Telecommunications (CWT) and is 
part of the Virginia Tech team funded 
by DARPA's Global Mobile 
Information Systems (GloMo) 
program. He teaches courses in 
computer networks, 
telecommunications, and computer 

The meeting will be held at the GE 
main plant at 1501 Roanoke Boulevard 
in Salem. Come to the front door near 
the flagpole. Guests are Welcome. You 
do not have to be a member of the 
Chapter to attend. Social hour begins at 
5:00. Coffee and soft drinks will be 
available. The presentation will begin 
promptly at 5:30. There is no charge.

RESERVATIONS are appreciated! 
Call Dave Geer, 540-387-7359 or 
email d.geer@ieee.org by noon on the 
day of the meeting.

…Dave Geer

**************************************************************** ( 13 )
The IEEE Leadership Wire
25 Feb 2000   


Half-Year Memberships
Begin 1 March
Membership applications received 
by the IEEE, including technical 
society memberships, as of 1 
March will be processed on a "half 
year" basis with dues at half of the 
regular annual rate.

Those who join after 1 March will 
become members through 31 Dec and 
will receive all publications from the 
time their applications are entered into 
the database but will not receive back 

**************************************************************** ( 14 )
Ieee History Center Wins 
Encyclopedia Britannica Award

The IEEE History Center's Web site 
has been honored with an award from 
Encyclopedia Britannica -- the 
Britannica Internet Guide Award. The 
site was chosen for its quality, 
accuracy and usability in the 
presentation of historical material.

For more information, go to 

**************************************************************** ( 15 )
New Travel Benefit For Ieee 

IEEE members can enjoy convenient 
and secure parking at major U.S. 
airports through AviStar Airport Valet 
Parking if they join the AviStar 
Express Club.

Some benefits include a 20 percent 
discount on parking at all U.S. AviStar 
locations, two free indoor parking 
upgrades each year, and guaranteed 
parking availability. The first-year 
membership fee is waived.

AviStar has valet parking centers at 
these U.S. airports:
Newark, LaGuardia, JFK, 
Philadelphia, Bradley/Hartford 
(Connecticut), Atlanta, Chicago 
More locations are being added.
For more information or to join the 
AviStar Express Club, visit 
To contact an IEEE Global Travel 
Services representative, send an e-mail 
message to

**************************************************************** ( 16 )
IEEE-USA Website Provides Latest 
On Career, Policy Activities

IEEE members seeking the latest 
information on IEEE-USA's promotion 
of electrotechnology careers and policy 
should go to the organization's 
THIS WEEK website at
 Updated every other week, the current 
issue includes a description of IEEE-
USA's discussion forum in which 
members can engage in and read 
ongoing discussions on research and 
development, retirement security, 
immigration reform, PACE, and the 
Government Fellows program. The site 
also includes sections on workforce 
issues, career development and a 
readers' forum.

E-Zline Focuses On Policy Issues

In its 4 Feb. issue, IEEE-USA 
the organization's biweekly update on 
government-related career and 
technology policy activities, includes 
blurbs on: IEEE-USA's call for "green 
cards, not guest workers"; White 
House plans to bridge the "digital 
divide"; winners of the National 
Technology and Science Medals; and 
IEEE-USA plans to help launch a new 
technical information center for state 
legislatures. To subscribe and receive 
the latest issue, go to

For further schedule information, go to: 


An interview on immigration issues 
with IEEE-USA Past President Paul J. 
Kostek is scheduled to appear on PBS 
in many areas of the U.S. on 31 March. 
For further schedule information, go to: 

**************************************************************** ( 17 )

September 16
50th Anniversary
Hotel Roanoke

October 21
Joint Meeting with Industry 
Dr. Jason Lai, Virginia Tech
Topic: "Electric Vehicles and Power Electronics"
Appalachian Electric Power, 

November 18
Partners' Night
Nancy Vorona, Industry Director for Advanced
Materials & Electronics, Virginia Center for
Innovative Technology
"The Electronics Industry in Virginia
 - Plans for the Future"
Clarion Hotel, Roanoke

January 20
Dr. Dennis G. Sweeney
Center for Wireless Telecommunications
Department of Electrical Engineering, VA Tech
"Local Multipoint Distribution Services"
Appalachia Electric Power,

February 17
Bart Cregger, Assistant Dean of Engineering, VCU
"Engineering Education for the 21st Century: 
The Model at VCU"
Appalachian Electric Power,

March 16
Joint Meeting: Industrial 
Ira Jacobs, Virginia Tech
DSL vs. Cable Modems
Telco and CATV Competition for Broadband Wireline 
Clarion Hotel, Roanoke

April 20
Student Project Night
Lejeune Hall 
VMI, Lexington

May 18
Plant Tour
Cloverdale Station

**************************************************************** ( 18 )
IEEE  Virginia  Mountain  Section

Chairman: 	Daniel W. Jackson 
	d.jackson@ieee.org	(540) 774-0484
Vice Chairman: 	Dave Kingma
	dkingma@swva.net	(540) 552-3011 x304
Sec./Treasurer: 	Howard J. Moses 
	hjmoses@aol.com	(540) 953-5069
VMS Executive Committee
	Russell Churchill
	arcova@swva.net	(540) 731-0655
	John Fennick
	jhfslf@swva.net	(540) 552-0052
	Ira Jacobs
	ijacobs@vt.edu	(540) 231-5620
	Vacant (1)
Junior Past Chairman: 
	David Livingston
	d.livingston@ieee.org	(540) 464-7545
Virginia Council Representative: 
	David Geer
	d.geer@ieee.org	(540) 387-7359

VMS Chapter Chairs
Industry Applications
	Dal Y. Ohm
	ohm@usit.net	(540 ) 552-8973
 Industrial Electronics/Computer/Control Systems
	David Geer
	d.geer@ieee.org	(540) 387-7359
Microwave Theory & Techniques/Electron Devices
	Tim Gittemeier
			(540) 563-3972
Power Engineering
	Ted Aaron
	Tea45@aol.com	(540) 381-2521

	Ira Jacobs
	ijacobs@vt.edu	(540) 231-5620 
	Russell Churchill
	arcova@swva.net	(540) 731-0655
Membership Development: 
	Ira Jacobs
	ijacobs@vt.edu	(540) 231-5620
	David Livingston
	d.livingston@ieee.org	(540) 464-7545
	Dan Jackson
	d.jackson@ieee.org 	(540) 774-0484
Program :
	Dave Kingma
	dkingma@swva.net	(540) 552-3011 x304
Publicity :	
	John Fennick
	j.fennick@ieee.org	(540) 552-0052
Student Activities:

Editor: 	John Fennick
	j.fennick@ieee.org 	(540) 552-0052

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