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VIRGINIA MOUNTAIN SECTION NEWSLETTER

IEEE  Region  3,  Council  9,  Section  65                       March 1996
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                                    CONTENTS

[1] March Meeting
[2] Reservations
[3] March Meeting Report
[4] Second Annual IEEE VMS Technical Mini-Symposium
[5] Computer/Control/IES Chapter News
[6] Electronic Newsletter
[7] Region News
[8] IEEE-USA: Web Pge/PACE News
[9] What Is? MTPC
[10] Two New Books for Consultants
[11] For your information

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[1] 
March Meeting


THE EFFECT OF PULSED ELECTRIC 
FIELDS ON MICRO-ORGANISMS: 
EXPERIMENTS AND APPLICATIONS

Karl H. Schoenbach

Department of Electrical and Computer 
Engineering
Old Dominion University,
Norfolk, VA

The effect of multi-microsecond electric field pulses with 
intensities in the kV/cm range on mammalian, plant, and bacterial 
cells has been studied extensively, and is utilized in 
electroporation and electrofusion techniques. The basic process in 
these techniques is a reversible, or, at high electric fields and 
long pulse durations an irreversible, dielectric breakdown of the 
cell membrane. We have recently extended the experimental 
range to pulses of sub-microsecond duration and electric field 
intensities in the tens of kV/cm. Measurements of the 
survivability of E. coli and brine shrimp showed that there exists 
an optimum pulse duration for debacterialization, and stunning of 
the species, respectively. The "resonance" can be explained by 
considering the electronic properties of cells. The observed effect 
allows us to minimize the energy consumption for 
debacterialization of food and drinking water, or stunning of 
certain aquatic species. The latter effect can be used to prevent 
biofouling in cooling systems using untreated lake, river or sea 
water A field experiment, where pulsed electric fields were 
applied to water pumped from the Elizabeth river in Norfolk, 
VA, has demonstrated the applicability of the effect for 
biofouling prevention in industrial scale cooling systems.

Karl H. Schoenbach holds a Dr.rer.nat. from Technische 
Hochschule Darmstadt, 1970, and the Diploma Technische 
Hochschule Darmstadt, 1966; both in physics. During his tenure 
at the Institute for Applied Physics in Darmstadt, he worked in 
the areas of gas discharge physics and the dense plasma focus. 
From 1979 to 1985, he held a faculty position at Texas Tech 
University, where he was involved in research on fast high- 
power switches, especially high pressure glow discharge opening 
switches. Since 1985, at Old Dominion University, he has been 
active in research on photoconductive switches and in modeling 
and experimental studies on hollow cathode gas discharges. Since 
1993 he has concentrated on exploring the potential of pulse 
power technology for medical and environmental applications. He 
has organized several workshops and conferences, most recently 
the 18th IEEE International Conference on Plasma Science 
(1991). He was guest editor of the IEEE Transactions on Electron 
Devices (1990) and is presently associate editor of the IEEE 
Transactions on Plasma Science. He was elected a fellow of IEEE 
in 1994, "for contributions to the research and development of 
very-high-power electronic devices".

Dr. Schoenbach's publications include 61 in Journals, and 112 in 
Conference Proceedings and Books. He holds 5 patents.

**************************************************************
[2] 
Reservations 
for the March Meeting

	Thursday, March 21

	Time:	6:30 PM	Social
		7:00 PM	Dinner
		8:00 PM	Program
	
	Place:	Sheraton Inn
		2727 Ferndale Drive, Roanoke
		Exit 30-W (Hershberger Rd West) off I-581,
		then right at 1st traffic light
	
	Cost:	Member or Guest	$ 12.00
		Student			$   4.50

For reservations, please contact one of the following 
representatives before 5 PM on Monday, March 18:

Roanoke:	    Hausila Singh		563-8639
Blacksburg:	    Anbo Wang,		231-4355
		    Wayne Scales		231-5622
Lexington:	    Dick Skutt		464-7236
Radford and Christiansburg:
		   Russell Churchill	731-0655


**************************************************************
[3] 
VMS Section Activities

MEETING REPORT

IEEE Virginia Mountain Section February 15, 1996

For our February VMS meeting, Dr. Leonard Ferrari presented 
an overview of new activities at the Bradley Department of 
Electrical Engineering at Virginia Tech. Dr. Ferrari is the new 
head of the department, having assumed this position on July 1, 
1995. During his first few months on the job, he has managed to 
initiate a host of educational, research, and administrative 
activities. He described several of these at the meeting, and the 
following brief synopsis provides a few details.

1) Working with Ferrari, the department has decided to allow an 
expansion of the undergraduate computer engineering program. 
The EE department currently offers two BS degrees, one in 
Electrical Engineering and one in Computer Engineering. 
However, CpE enrollment has been limited in the past in spite of 
very strong demand by students. The expansion will require more 
resources, and these are being actively pursued. CpE enrollment 
is expected to rise from the current level of approximately 70 to 
more than 100 entering students per year.

2) The department has also decided to offer a Master's degree in 
Computer Engineering. At the present time, the only 2 graduate 
degrees offered by the department are MS and Ph.D. in Electrical 
Engineering.

3) Dr. Ferrari is considering "virtual corporations" as a new 
teaching/learning mechanism. In this paradigm, a team of 100 or 
more students and faculty would address a problem of practical 
importance, gaining experience usually found only in industry. 
One example of this is a transportation system in which electric 
vehicles are used locally on existing roadways, much like today's 
automobiles but perhaps at lower speed. For longer distance 
travel, these vehicles would attach to a special guideway that 
provides propulsion at 80 mph or higher. Students who are 
interested in this concept could join a "corporation" that designs 
and builds a prototype over several years. Undergraduates could 
gain valuable experience, and graduate students could serve in 
supervisory roles. "Real" corporations would be invited to join in 
these efforts as well.

4) ICASEE, the International Center for Advanced Studies in 
Electrical Engineering, is a new center that has been created to 
promote the department's strengths in power systems, power 
electronics, communications, and other areas. A particular 
interest of the center is to attract talented graduate students from 
developing nations.

5) VISC, the Virginia Tech Information Systems Center, is also 
new. Its goal is to provide research and development services in 
the design and analysis of computational systems. VISC is a 
center of the College of Engineering, and its members include 
several faculty from the departments of EE, Computer Science, 
Industrial and Systems Engineering, and Materials Science and 
Engineering. 

6) Dr. Ferrari is promoting off-campus programs, particularly in 
Northern Virginia. At the present time, one permanent faculty 
member from EE serves at Virginia Tech's NoVa facility, along 
with several adjunct faculty. The department hopes to add new 
faculty positions there, and to offer more short courses in the near 
future.

Lynn Abbott, reporting
**************************************************************
4] 
Second Annual IEEE VMS Technical Mini-
Symposium
Student Paper Contest

The IEEE Virginia Mountain Section (VMS) will hold its second 
Technical Mini-Symposium and Student Paper Contest at the 
Marriott, Blacksburg, Virginia on Thursday, May 23 from 6-9 
PM This symposium is meant to bring electrical engineers from 
Southwest Virginia together in an informal technical forum to 
discuss all areas of electrical engineering. Each talk is limited to 
20 minutes including questions and answers. Students are highly 
encouraged to present research papers. Two significant CASH 
prizes will be awarded to the best BS, MS, and PhD student 
papers. Please submit an abstract of your paper (please be sure to 
indicate if the paper is a student paper) to Dr. A. Wang; 674 
Whittemore Hall, 2314355 by April 15, 1996. 

...Anbo
**************************************************************
[5] Computer/Control/IES Chapter

IEEE Computer/Control/Industrial 
Electronics Chapter 

1996 Spring Video Series 

PLEASE NOTE CORRECTED DATES !!

Mar. 12 "Mapping the Internet: Yesterday, Today, and 
Tomorrow" Gordon Bell, former VP of R&D, Digital 
Equipment Corp. A clear, concise picture of the past, present and 
future of the Internet from the National Medal of Technology 
winner, VAX designer and former DEC VP of Research and 
Development.

Introduced by Scott Midkiff, Virginia Tech. An Associate 
Professor, Scott teaches computer engineering courses and runs 
the IEEE VMS list server at Virginia Tech. His research interests 
include distributed systems, and computer-aided design. He has 
worked at AT&T Bell Labs, and studied and taught at Duke, 
Stanford, and Carnegie Mellon. Scott introduced the "Roadkill" 
tape last year.

April 9 "Why C++ is Not Just an Object-Oriented 
Programming Language" Bjarne Stroustrup, AT&T Bell Labs

Bjarne Stroustrup invented the C++ language in 1980. In this 
tape, Stroustrup presents key programming styles directly 
supported by C++, and argues that the support of multiple 
programming paradigms is a major strength of C++.

Introduced by Tom Settle, GE Drive Systems Tom is a Software 
Engineer at GE. Formerly in Product Development, he now 
works in Information Systems and teaches courses in C++.

May 14 "The Application of Knowledge Based Systems" 
Edward A. Feigenbaum, Stanford University

All meetings are held on Tuesday evenings at the GE Drive 
Systems main plant, 1501 Roanoke Blvd., Salem VA. Use the 
main entrance, near the flagpole. If you are not a GE employee, 
see the receptionist and an escort will meet you. Meetings start 
promptly at 5:30 PM and end by 7:00. All IEEE members and 
guests are welcome. There is no charge.

Contact Dave Geer (387-7359) or Sandy Gurian (387-5905) by 
5:00 PM on the Monday immediately before each meeting for 
reservations. 

**************************************************************
[6] 
Electronic Newsletter
Almost 15 percent of our members now subscribe. If you have 
not yet signed up, you are strongly encouraged to do so.
To Subscribe, see instructions in the For Your Information 
section on the last page.

**************************************************************
[7] 
Region News

A special edition of the IEEE Region 3 Newsletter was recently 
mailed to all members in the Region. Normal circulation is 
limited to about 600 volunteer leaders. This was a trial balloon to 
test member reaction and interest. Director Jim Beall, wants to 
hear from you, with regard to this mailing or any issues you feel 
the Region should be addressing. Please send your comments and 
suggestions to him:
j.beall@ieee.org 
**************************************************************
[8] 
IEEE-USA

IEEE-USA Debuts New Ad on Web
Beginning this month, World Wide Web surfers can get a crisp 
and succinct description of the activities, services and products 
that IEEE-USA produces for the institute's US members. The 
new Web ad, which can be accessed directly from IEEE-USA's 
Home Page at http://www.ieee.org/usab, contains the text and 
graphic images from print ads appearing in the February issues of 
IEEE Spectrum and IEEE Computer and the Jan. 29 edition of 
Electronic Engineering Times. The site also contains a response 
mechanism which readers can use to get more information and let 
IEEE-USA know what types of services are most important to 
them.

PACE Resources Are Available on Web 
The PACE Leaders' Handbook is now available on the World 
Wide Web at
http://www.ieee.org/usab/ 
DOCUMENTS/PACE/HANDBOOK/toc.html.
The resource provides background information on IEEE-USA's 
origins, purposes and activities; explains the PACE Network at 
the Section, Society and Chapter levels; and describes successful 
PACE projects. For more PACE Network information, the 
PACE home page can be accessed at   
http://www.ieee.org.usab/DOCUMENTS/
PACE/pace.menu.html
or through IEEE-USA's home page at 
http://www.ieee.org/usab

Committee Offers Intellectual PropertyInformation on the 
Web 
Our Intellectual Property Committee (IPC) now has a home page 
on the World Wide Web at
http://www.ieee.org./usab/
DOCUMENTS/FORUM/ipc.html
The web site offers IPC's positions, recent intellectual property 
legislation and other intellectual property resources, such as 
government organizations, web sites and key volunteer and staff 
contact information.

**************************************************************
[9]  WHAT IS? 
MTPC

Within the IEEE-USA's realm of technical and professional 
competence, the Medical Technology Policy Committee 
(MTPC) may address any government-level aspect of health and 
wellness activities.
Chaired by Michael D. McDonald, MTPC has been organized 
with 12 subcommittees to assist in formulating US medical 
technology legislation, regulation and policy by offering sound 
technological and professional counsel.

MTPC Maintains Liaisons With Diverse Organizations
MTPC works to provide balanced, technically sound health and 
wellness information to the IEEE's US members. In addition to 
maintaining liaisons with the Institute's major boards, the 
Committee communicates with other national organizations, such 
as the American Medical Association and the Health Industry 
Manufacturers Association.

Focus Is on Wide Range of Topics, Activities
MTPC is focusing on telemedicine, medical networks and the 
health effects of electromagnetic fields.

Committee activities include assessing the new R&D 
environment, cultivating relationships with other organizations, 
completing a telemedicine survey, publishing health-care 
technology information in IEEE Spectrum, creating and 
expanding an MTPC World Wide Web site, and participating in a 
National Library of Medicine conference.

Position Statements Are Priority
To help develop quality position statements, the Committee 
sponsors small seminars, topical forum discussions and tutorials 
on relevant issues. Members are researching positions on 
medical technology cost-effectiveness, virtual reality and 
telemedicine. Position papers in progress include open 
architecture for clinical systems, data security and privacy, 
health information community networks, universal access, and 
decision support.
...Editor
**************************************************************
[10] 
Two New Books for Consultants

Best of Both Worlds

This book by John and Barbara Sangster is a very readable "how-
to" manual for writing successful Small Business Innovation 
Research (SBIR) proposals to the government. The theme of the 
book is that SBIR contracts can provide hundreds of thousands of 
dollars for development of exciting new hi-tech products, and at 
the same time, can give the developer full rights for their 
commercial exploitation or sale to other customers. Fortunately, 
the emphasis of this book is on the very small (single-person) 
business which makes it a valuable guide for consultants or 
entrepreneurs.

The book covers the majority of the questions that a neophyte or 
proposal veteran might have. It presents enough material for 
anyone with a modest business sense to prepare and submit a 
reasonable cost proposal. It also provides background material 
and references.

The book is not without fault. It tends to be limited to 
Department of Defense (DOD) proposals. Other agencies have 
slightly different procedures.

Overall, however, it is a well-organized and easy to apply 
publication with a great deal of wisdom and advice on proposal 
preparation.

This book was published at $49.95, but IEEE members can be 
obtain it from SPHINX Technologies (617) 235-8800 for $29.95.


A New Book in the Engineers Guide to Business Series

Working in a Global Environment

by Michael B. Goodman, Ph.D., Associate Professor, Corporate 
and Organizational Communication, Fairleigh Dickinson 
University, and member of the IEEE Professional 
Communication Society. This book is the latest addition to the 
Engineers Guide to Business series.

Technical professionals in today's global environment must do 
business with people in foreign countries, which can be complex 
and difficult. The complexity is, for the most part, cultural. An 
effective approach to learning about the culture of a country 
would include understanding the country's: 
 
  language, history and politics
  art and literature
  technology and the environment
  social organization
  contexts and face-saving
  concepts of authority
  body language and non-verbal communication
  and concepts of time.

Being familiar with each of these points before traveling to a 
country to do business will help the technical professional 
communicate more effectively with his transnational business 
partners and customers.

Tactics for negotiating, marketing transnationally, managing 
people globally, decision making, delegating, motivating 
workers, and hiring and firing are also discussed.

Dr. Goodman offers specific strategies for technical professionals 
doing business in Europe and the European Community, Eastern 
Europe and the former Soviet bloc, South America, NAFTA, and 
the Pacific Rim.

To order, use product number HL4739 (lSBN 0-7803- 2301-7). 
Price: $14.95 (IEEE Member), and may be ordered from the 
IEEE, 445 Hoes Lane, PO Box 1331, Piscataway, New Jersey 
08855-1331. Make checks payable to IEEE. For single sales call 
(800) 678-IEEE; for company or institutional sales, call (800) 
701-IEEE; or fax (908) 981-9667.

Please add shipping and handling charges of $4.00.
*********************************************************
[11 ]
For Your Information

Change of Address
Submit to:              IEEE Service Center
                445 Hoes Lane, PO Box 1331
                Piscataway, NJ 08855-1331
                Telephone:   800-678-IEEE
                e-mail: address.change@ieee.org
         (Changes are forwarded to the Newsletter)

Newsletter Submissions:
Deadline: March issue,Wednesday,  February 28, 1996

Submit To:
        Editor:   (See bottom of page)
        Alternate:  Wayne Scales
         e-mail: wayne@starchild.ee.vt.edu.

E-MAIL Newsletter subscription
Send the one-line message:
        SUBSCRIBE IEEEVMS your-name
        (e.g.:  SUBSCRIBE IEEEVMS Jane Doe)
to:     listserv@VTVM1.cc.vt.edu
Do not include an automatic signature.

IEEE Virginia Mountain Section

Chairman:       Wayne Scales            231-5622
                wayne@starchild.ee.vt.edu.
Vice Chairman:  Anbo Wang               231-4355
                awang@vt.edu
Sec./Treasurer: David Livingston                857-6936
                dllphdpe@roanoke.infi.net
Executive Committee:
                David Geer              387-7359
                geer-dh@salem.ge.com
                Ira Jacobs              231-5620
                ijacobs@vt.edu
                Daniel W. Jackson               774-0484
                d.jackson@ieee.org
                Bill Mitchell           563-3939
                bmitchell@gtc.itt.com


Virginia Council
Representative: vacant

Industrial Application Chapter
Chairman:               Walter Hill             387-8619

Microwave Theory & Techniques/Electron Devices/PE Chapter
Chairman:       Hausila Singh           563-8639
                hsingh@sun3.gtc.itt.com

Industrial Electronics/Computer/Control Systems Chapter
Chairman:       David Geer              387-7359
                geer-dh@salem.ge.com

Newsletter Editor:      John Fennick            552-0052
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