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Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society

Santa Clara Valley Chapter Monthly Meeting

SCV EMBS Meetings are usually scheduled for the third Wednesday of each month, except July, August, and December. The formal presentation is 7:30 - 8:30 pm. Afterwards, there is an opportunity to network.

The usual meeting location is in Room M114 of the Medical School on Stanford Campus). M114 is in the corner closest to the Clark Bioscience Building.

Meet the Speaker
An optional, no-host dinner with the speaker precedes each meeting, and you are invited. We gather in the Stanford Hospital cafeteria at 6:15 pm. No reservation is needed.

Upcoming EMBS Meeting
Wednesday, February 21, 2018 at 7:30pm
Room M-114, Stanford University Medical School

Title: An Armchair Tour of the Stanford Neurosurgical Simulation and Virtual Reality Center
Speaker: Malie Collins
Program Manager
Stanford Neurosurgical Simulation and Virtual Reality Center

The advancement of medical imaging and analysis has allowed physicians to better diagnose, monitor, and treat patients by viewing the body with a level of detail previously unattainable. In addition to CT, MRI, and PET scans, higher resolution MRI imaging has given rise to MRI-based Diffusion Tensor Imaging (DTI), which allows for visualization of various white matter tracts in the brain. The culmination of these modalities is three-dimensional, 360-degree virtual reality (360VR). This technology integrates with various hardware platforms to allow physicians, residents, students, and patients to become fully immersed within the anatomy to gain a unique perspective of the human body.

360VR is applied across the continuum of patient care from initial consultation and preoperative surgical planning to intraoperative surgical navigation, as well as education for complex surgical approaches and pathologies. The technology is currently used in, but not limited to, neurosurgery and can import and fuse volumetric data. The novel use of 360VR in the clinic allows surgeons to show patients these models during consultation, where they can view their own anatomy and pathology in immersive VR. Utilizing this new technology in a clinic setting has the potential to enhance patient engagement, understanding, and satisfaction and, ultimately, create a more meaningful shared decision making process.

Preoperatively, these immersive 360VR models are used by the surgeon to review and rehearse the planned surgery. This can be as simple as reviewing the planned craniotomy and trajectory to rehearsing the application of interventional devices such as aneurysm clips. The 360VR device is also used in the operating room during the surgical procedure in tandem with preexisting 2D navigational systems that orient the surgeon in the brain. 3D reconstructions of the anatomy display the tracking in real time. After surgery, postoperative scans can be fused into the pre-operative model to assess the amount of tumor resected or the progression of recurrence postoperatively.

Whether presented to the patient, the patient's family, the surgeon, trainees, philanthropists or collaborating teams, 360VR seems to be a universal language adept at quickly conveying complex, context-specific spatial information, bridging the gaps between technology, patient, and physician.

Malie Collins is Program Manager of the Stanford Neurosurgical Simulation and Virtual Reality Center. She leads the first medical 3D virtual reality (VR) program in the greater Pacific Northwest at Stanford Health Care, including the first ever VR-enabled clinics for spine and functional neurosurgery in the United States. Malie is responsible for translating medical imaging such as CT and MRI into patient-specific, 3D volumetric models and bringing VR to over 500 patients across the clinic and operating room to-date. She continues to develop this technology as a patient engagement and surgical planning tool for specialties and indications such as Moyamoya disease, minimally invasive neurospine, cerebrovascular, and functional neurosurgery. She is also incorporating simulation technology and VR applications for medical education and neurosurgical training.

Malie earned her undergraduate degree in Biomedical Engineering with an emphasis in neuroscience at the University of Southern California, and a master's in Medical Sciences from Boston University School of Medicine with a thesis in ENS neurogenesis. Beginning her career in a VR tech startup before joining Stanford, she continues to be actively involved in research, currently focusing on Deep Brain Stimulation and the impact of virtual reality on patient education and satisfaction in the neurosurgical clinic consultation. Other interests include cerebrovascular imaging and 3D techniques, as well as the application of VR and immersive technologies in medical school curricula.

Parking at Stanford
Parking is available in the structure at the corner of East Campus Drive and Roth Way. Parking is free after 4pm.
Parking is also available in the Stanford hospital parking structure off Pasteur Drive and Blake Wilbur Drive, but there is a fee.

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