Abstract: In 2003 it was proposed by Dr. Tony Siegman to hold a series of "Christmas Lectures" humbly modeled after the popular Faraday Lectures of the Royal Society of London. It is in this spirit that we invite you and your families to this wonderful annual tradition.
The early and fascinating history of radio spawned what we know today as the electronics industry. This story will be told via live working demonstrations of early spark-gap apparatus inspired by Tesla, Oliver Lodge's important but forgotten syntonic spark system, numerous radio relics. The story then leads us full circle to the ultra wide band radio systems proposed for the future, throwbacks to the distant past, and on to a glimpse of what the future might hold.
Bio: Ken Pedrotti Ph.D. EE, Stanford University, 1985. MS EE and BS, University of California Berkeley, 1979. Currently he is a professor at the University of California at Santa Cruz where his interests include devices and circuits for optical communication networks, imaging, RF and VLSI clocking applications. From 1998 to 2000 he was with the Rockwell Science Center in Thousand Oaks, CA working on mixed signal VLSI for visible and IR imaging. Prior to that he worked from 1997-1998 for Conexant Systems in Newbury Park, CA on commercialization of integrated circuits for optical communications. From 1985 to 1997 he was with the Rockwell Science Center, his research activities there included the development of integrated optoelectronic devices and circuits, high speed circuit development using HBTs, systems research for WDM optical networks, optical modulators, and MOCVD crystal growth. Dr. Pedrotti has served on the board of governors of the IEEE Solid State Circuit Society and has authored over 50 papers and holds 8 patents. In his spare time he has been known to collect old radios, is a lapsed member of the Southern California Antique Radio Society and teaches, among other topics, a survey of electrical engineering course for non-majors at UCSC.
Abstract: The potential of LEDs and OLEDs as light sources for general illumination will be discussed relative the technical barriers that must be overcome before these sources can replace the ubiquitous incandescent and fluorescent light sources we use daily. Of the two sources, LEDs have the greatest near term opportunity, hence the presentation will focus more on this source. The discussion will start at the LED die level and progress through the development of a lighting system, addressing the issues of extraction efficiency, thermal management and optical control. LEDs are a wonderful point source for lighting applications, where OLEDs are a much larger diffuse source. This major difference in optical performance makes the two technologies complementary rather than competitive. OLEDs are being aggressively developed for the display market and it is expected this will have a synergistic effect in speeding their development as a light source. The technical barriers for OLEDs of lif! etime, encapsulation, and extraction efficiency will again be discussed briefly in context of developing a lighting system.
Bio: Dr. Steve Johnson is Group Leader for the Lighting Research Group at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory in Berkeley, California. The Lighting Research Group performs research into light sources and ballasts, lighting controls, light distribution systems, and human factors. Research at LBNL is principally focused on technologies that will improve the efficiency of current practice for both residential and commercial applications of lighting. Since joining LBNL in 1996, Dr. Johnson has shifted the emphasis in light source development at the laboratory from discharge lamps to solid state devices. He directs research in the area of both LEDs and OLEDs. Prior to joining LBNL, Dr. Johnson spent 20 years working in the lighting industry.
Abstract: America is becoming a country which is losing the focus it had on engineering and manufacturing. This shift is having and will continue to have a profound impact on US companies that are dependent on those capabilities. Steve will present patent strategies that, while having no impact on the greater trends American companies are pursuing, are useful from both the engineering and business perspectives. For those companies whose customers and competitors are located offshore, the strategies Steve will present may aid in determining what to patent, where to patent it, and how to position your company to use those patents.
Bio: Stephen Schott is the Director of Patents and Associate General Counsel at Fairchild Semiconductor Corporation, a position he has held since 2000. He oversees the growth of Fairchilds patent portfolio, manages its patent litigations, negotiates its patent license agreements, and provides support for its corporate transactions. Before joining Fairchild he was an attorney at Weil, Gotshal and Manges Silicon Valley Office, where he worked in their Patent Strategy Group. Steve has a law degree from the University of Virginia, as well as a Masters Degree in Materials Science from MIT. Steve also holds a PE license.
Abstract: Silicon photonics, especially that based upon silicon on insulator (SOI), has recently attracted a great deal of attention since it offers an opportunity for low cost opto-electronic solutions for applications ranging from telecommunications down to chip-to-chip interconnects. The presentation will give an overview of research being done at Intel in the area of Silicon Photonics. The presentation will discuss some of the practical issues and challenges with processing silicon photonic devices in a high volume CMOS manufacturing environment and present some of the recent results including the recent breakthroughs in the area of Raman amplification and CW lasing in silicon.
Bio: Dr. Mario Paniccia is currently the Director of Photonic Technology Lab at Intel Corporation. Mario currently directs a research group with activities in the area of Silicon Photonics. The team is focused on developing silicon-based photonic building blocks using standard CMOS processing for future use in enterprise and data center communications. Mario has worked in many areas of optical technologies during his career at Intel including optical testing for leading edge microprocessors, optical communications and optical interconnects. His teams pioneering activities in silicon photonics have led to the first silicon modulator with bandwidth >1GHz (2004) and the first continuous wave silicon laser breakthrough (2005). He has published numerous papers, including 3 Nature papers, 2 book chapters, and has over 61 patents issued or pending. Mario earned a B.S. degree in Physics in 1988 from the State University of New York at Binghamton and a Ph.D. degree in Solid State Physics from Purdue University in 1994.
Abstract: About Lumileds: Lumileds Lighting is the world's leading manufacturer of high-power LEDs and a pioneer in the use of solid-state lighting solutions for everyday purposes including automotive lighting, traffic signaling, signage, LCD backlighting and general lighting. The company's patented Luxeon Power Light Sources are the first to combine the brightness of conventional lighting with the small footprint, long life and other advantages of LEDs. The company also supplies core LED material and LED packaging, manufacturing billions of LEDs annually, and ranks as the producer of the world's brightest red, amber, blue, green and white LEDs. Lumileds is headquartered in San Jose, California, with operations in the Netherlands, Japan and Malaysia and sales offices throughout the world.
Abstract: The ultimate information capacity of optical fibers is far beyond currently deployed systems even with the exponential growth in system capacity over the past 20 years. Even now, the performance of high-capacity, long-distance wavelength-division-multiplexed (WDM) networks depends significantly on reconfigurable optical filters for bandwidth management and adaptive filters for compensating analog impairments. Optical filters are also key elements in optical code generation and detection with applications in optical packet header processing. Whether the end goal is for communications or high-speed signal processing, optical filters that can operate on amplitude, phase and polarization are critical to unleashing the full potential of optical systems. To be practical, a cost-effective implementa! tion that can scale in optical circuit integration density and functionality is required. This talk addresses optical filters in the ! context of their analog and digital relatives. I will show how well-known filter types are related to the underlying interference mechanisms and how digital filter theory concepts are beneficially translated to the optical domain. Then, the present capabilities of integrated optics for implementing adaptive optical filters and an overview of some challenges ahead will be discussed. Adaptive filters implemented using high-index-contrast silica-on-silicon planar waveguides with applications to tunable chromatic dispersion compensation and polarization monitoring, control and polarization mode dispersion compensation will be! used as examples. With state-of-the-art integrated optical filters, we have the ability to realize a many-colored, high-speed and cost-effective processing engine that truly harnesses the power of photonics.
Bio: Christi Madsen received the Bachelor's degree from the University of Texas at Austin in 1986, the Master's degree from Stanford University, Stanford, CA, in 1987, and the Ph.D from Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ, in 1996, all in electrical engineering. She joined AT&T Bell Laboratories in 1987 and worked for the submarine systems business unit. After completing her Ph.D, she transferred to the integrated photonics research department at Bell Laboratories. Since then, her research has focused on the application of digital filter and signal processing techniques to optical filters for high-speed, high-capacity optical communication systems. In 1998, Madsen invented a class of tunable, multi-stage optical allpass filters that allow any phase response to be approximated and have application in chromatic dispersion compensation and polarization mode dispersion compensation. She has given a short course on "Optical Filters for WDM Systems: Theory, Technologies, and Applications" at OFC and is the 2004 General Chair for the Integrated Photonics Research (IPR) Conference. She was promoted to Distinguished Member of the Technical Staff at Bell Laboratories in 2002 and achieved Fellow ranking in the Optical Society of America in 2003. She holds 16 U.S. patents and has given over 70 technical talks and papers. She is now a professor at Texas A&M University in College Station, TX.
Abstract: There exists a duality between the physical components of imaging systems in space and processes which can occur in the time domain. Equations describing paraxial diffraction of a beam of light and that describing narrow band dispersion of a pulse in a dispersive media have the same mathematical form and thus can perform a similar role. A conventional lens in space imparts a quadratic spatial phase profile and there are a variety of ways to impart a quadratic temporal phase profile. Such a device acts as a time lens. Cascading dispersion, a 'time lens', and further dispersion, in the proper balance, it is possible to build a system that behaves in the time domain the way an imaging system does in space. Arbitrary waveforms can be expanded, compressed, and even Fourier transformed, in real time, with ultrafast resolution (< ps). The fundamental principles of temporal imaging systems will be reviewed along with a summary of past work which demonstrated 100x magnification of an optical waveform with 200 fs resolution. Current efforts in developing a new class of long record length, ultrafast resolution, recording systems based on temporal imaging will be reviewed.
Bio: Dr. Corey V. Bennett is an Engineer with the Electronics Engineering Division at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), where he currently works on a variety of high speed photonics projects. These include the development of a new class of radiation detectors which produce a modulated optical carrier, next generation optical communications systems based on Optical Code Division Multiple Access (O-CDMA), and a new ultrafast single-shot transient recorder based on Temporal Imaging. Corey received his M.S. in Electrical Engineering from UCLA in 1995. In 1998 he joined LLNL where he completed his Ph.D. research in Parametric Temporal Imaging and Aberration Analysis through collaboration between Prof. Brian Kolner's research group and the LLNL Photonics Group headed by Mark Lowry. At LLNL he demonstrated a temporal microscope system, achieving 103x temporal magnification of an ultrafast waveform with a total system resolution better than 200 fs. After completing his Ph.D. in 2000 he joined Terawave Communications were he worked on fiber optic communication systems for the optical access market. Projects included the development of point-to-point DWDM links at 2.488 Gbps and a 622 Mbps burst mode transmitter and continuous receiver module, both for use in a passive optical networking tree architecture. Corey returned to LLNL in early 2002. He's returned to his work on ultrafast diagnostics technologies as well as working on new optical communication systems.
Abstract: A multidisciplinary team of end users and suppliers (Maxim Integrated Products, Microcosm Technologies, Microscan Systems, Optical Micro-Machines, Standard MEMS and Xerox) have combined to develop a novel yet broadly enabling process for the design, fabrication and assembly of Micro-Opto-Electro-Mechanical Systems (MOEMS). A key goal is to overcome the shortcomings of the polysilicon layer used for fabricating optical components in a conventional surface micromachining process. These shortcomings include the controllability and uniformity of material stress that is a major cause of curvature and deformation in suspended microstructures. The approach taken by the consortium to overcome these issues is the use of the single-crystal-silicon device layer of a silicon-on-insulator (SOI) wafer for the primary structural layer for MOEMS devices. Since optical flatness and mechanical reliability are of utmost importance in the realization of such devices, the use of the silicon device layer is seen as an excellent choice for devices which rely on the optical integrity of the materials used in their construction. A three-layer polysilicon process consisting of two structural layers is integrated on top of the silicon device layer. This allows for the formation of sliders, hinges, torsional springs, comb drives and other actuating mechanisms for positioning and movement of the optical components. Flip-chip bonding techniques are also being developed for the placement of edge and surface emitting lasers on the front and back surfaces of the silicon wafer, adding to the functionality and broadly enabling nature of this process.
Bio: Joel Kubby is an Associate Professor in the Department of Electrical Engineering at the University of California at Santa Cruz. His research is in the area of Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems (MEMS). He works closely with the NSF Center for Adaptive Optics at UC Santa Cruz for applications of optical MEMS in astronomy and vision sciences. Prior to joining the faculty at UCSC in January 2005, he was a technical manager in the Xerox Wilson Center for Research and Technology in Rochester, New York, where he led a research group working on the applications of MEMS technology for printing. He has over 50 patents in the design, fabrication and applications of fluidic and optical MEMS, and is a registered patent agent with the United States Patent and Trademark Office.
Abstract: Over the past 40 years semiconductor optical sources, light emitting diodes (LEDs) and laser diodes (LDs), have been displacing conventional light sources and gaseous lasers in commercial applications throughout the near infrared (IR) and visible regions of the spectrum. And in many cases, newer semiconductor sources with improved performance have displaced older semiconductor sources; an example currently in progress is the replacement of red LDs in DVDs by violet LDs for the next generation Blue-Ray or HD-DVD format.
The new frontier in the development of semiconductor sources is the ultraviolet (UV). This effort is well underway, with LDs already demonstrated in the AlGaInN materials system down to 340 nm and LEDs operating below 280 nm. Such UV sources will enable miniaturization and/or cost/performance improvements for existing UV-based systems, with proliferation of existing functionality and realization of new applications. In comparison with existing UV gas sources (lasers and lamps) and other more complex and costly solid-state lasers (e.g., photo-pumped lasers and frequency-tripled /quadrupled lasers), semiconductor UV sources offer several advantages including compactness, low power consumption, low cost, and long lifetimes. These features will drive a host of commercial applications in areas that include biotechnology, water purification, and UV curing. The first area of commercialization will likely be replacement of Hg lamps for germicidal and (low-power) UV curing applications. In addition, as with any truly destabilizing technology, there will likely be completely new applications that have yet to be conceived.
Bio: Dr. Noble Johnson received his Ph.D. degree from Princeton University in 1974 under a National Defense Graduate Fellowship. From 1974 to 1976 he worked at SRI International (Menlo Park, CA) in the Radiation Physics Group of the Physical Sciences Division. In 1976 he joined the Xerox Palo Alto Research Center (now the Palo Alto Research Center) as a Member of the Research Staff in the Electronic Materials Laboratory. There he is a Principal Scientist and Manager of Optoelectronic Materials and Devices. He has conducted experimental research in the general areas of electronic materials and devices. Dr. Johnson has published over 330 research papers in technical journals and conference proceedings, has organized several topical and international conferences, has served as an editor of five books, and is an inventor on ten patents. In 1987 Dr. Johnson received a Distinguished Senior U.S. Scientist Award from the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation, Germany, and in 1988 he worked in residence at the Institute for Applied Physics, University of Erlangen-Nürnberg, Germany. He received awards for excellence in science and technology from Xerox PARC in 1987 and 1997 and from PARC in 2003. As Manager of the Optoelectronic Materials and Devices Program he has guided the activities of a world-class R&D team that has successfully developed violet and ultraviolet lasers and which has made major contributions to fundamental understanding of the material and devices. Dr. Johnson is a fellow of the American Physical Society and a fellow of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers.
Bio: The SJSU Glass Program is a part of the Spatial Arts Studies of the School of Art and Design; introducing students to the many ways glass can be used in art making and design. The glass studios offer hot soda lime glass blowing and casting, basic cold working facilities, kiln forming and flame working.
Come see the studio, watch a glass blowing demo, network with SJSU glass students and get a hands-on feel for shaping hot glass. Glass Instructor Mary White and glass students will host the visit.
Bio: Mary came to California in l968 to study ceramics with Viola Frey at California College of Arts and Crafts. She received a BFA in ceramics from in l970, and a teaching Certificate in 1971 from CCAC. For the following eight years she taught art at Oakland High School half time as part of a personal "peace corp" commitment, while the other part of each day she created a hot glass studio with Michael Cohn and Randy Strong in Berkeley. In 1975 she built her own hot glass shop, one of the first "hot shops" run by a woman in the Bay Area. In l979 she returned to school and earned her MFA in Glass at California College of Arts and Crafts, studying with Marvin Lipofsky.
Mary joined the San Jose State University faculty as head of the glass area in l986, taking over from the founder of the glass studio, Dr. Robert Fritz. She has created a vital visiting artists program, often 6-8 artists per semester including Dale Chilhuly, Marvin Lipofsky, Lino Tagliapietra, Thermon Staton, Mary Shaffer, Flo Perkins and the De La Torre brothers and expanded the glass curriculum and facilities. The Glass Area is a part of the Spatial Arts "umbrella" of the Fine Arts Program of the School of Art and Design at SJSU. It is a unique public university, with one of the most comprehensive art and design facilities in the state, and an emphasis on collaborative and multi media work.
Mary has also taught at California College of Arts and Crafts, the Crucible Fire Arts Center in Oakland , Pilchuck Glass School and lectured at many other institutions. She served on the board of the Glass Art Society and as co-coordinator of the Oakland GAS conference and the California Glass Exchange San Jose conference. She has served as consultant to University of Washington, the Crucible Fire Arts Center and is on the B oard of Women's Environmental Art Directory. She shows her work nationally and internationally and is in many collections, including the Corning Glass Museum, Notojima Museum, Yamaha Corporation, Millville Museum of American Glass, the 49ers, and Quaker Oats.
Abstract: Nanotechnology is an enabling technology with an expected impact on electronics, computing, data storage, materials and manufacturing, energy, transporation, health and medicine, national security and space exploration. This talk will first outline potential applications in these areas and challenges to be overcome. Specific research results, as examples, from the speaker's laboratory on carbon nanotube and nanowire based nanotechnology will be given. Applications in biosensors, chemical sensors, AFM based imaging and nanoelectronics will be covered.
Bio: Meyya Meyyappan is Director of the Center for Nanotechnology as well as Senior Scientist at NASA Ames Research Center in Moffett Field, CA. He is a founding member of the Interagency Working Group on Nanotechnology(IWGN) established by the Office of Science and Technology Policy(OSTP). The IWGN is responsible for putting together the National Nanotechnology Initiative. Dr. Meyyappan's group, consisting of about 60 scientists, has been engaged in various aspects of nanotechnology(see http://www.ipt.arc.nasa.gov). He is a Fellow of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers(IEEE). He is Fellow of the Electrochemical Society(ECS). For his work and leadership in nanotechnology, he has been awarded NASA's Outstanding Leadership Medal and Arthur Flemming Award by the Arthur Flemming Foundation and George Washington University. For his contributions to nanotechnology education and training, he has been awarded the 2003-2004 Engineer of the Year award by the San Francisco section of the AIAA. In 2004, he was awarded the President's Meritorious Award for his contributions to nanotechnology .
Abstract: This review will address state-of-the-air cavity enhanced spectroscopies, specifically cavity ring-down spectroscopy (CRDS). CRDS can provide high sensitivity, high precision, and absolute calibration in a wide range of environments. The talk will report on a compact cavity ring-down spectrometer that can be applied in a wide variety of applications. Specific applications that will be illustrated will include measurement of trace ammonia in air, trace atmospheric toxic industrial compounds such as hydrides (Arsine/Silane), and the isotopic composition of biological molecules such as carbon dioxide and water. Extensions of CRDS technology to media other than gases will also be presented.
Bio: Barbara Paldus is the CTO at Picarro and is responsible for technology strategy, research innovation, and business development. She leads the team that develops the company's breakthrough photonic technology. She has 14 awarded patents, 13 pending patent applications, and has published over 30 journal and conference papers, as well as two book chapters, on cavity ring-down spectroscopy (CRDS) and lasers. She has been recognized with 12 research and academic awards, most recently the Adolph Lomb Prize (2001) by the OSA. Barbara received both her Ph.D. and M.S.E.E. degrees from Stanford University. She received her BS in electrical engineering and applied mathematics from the University of Waterloo, Canada.
Abstract: The venue for this lecture is provided courtesy SPIE and Photonics West. You must pre-register to get your badge to gain admission to the San Jose Convention Center exhibit floor, so visit SPIE Website for details. SCV-LEOS is not responsible for registration issues, missed deadlines, failure to register, or latecomers.
Abstract: This review addresses the state-of-the-art of the mechanics of coated optical fibers. We discuss various mechanical problems in the analysis, design and reliability evaluations of polymer-coated or metallized optical fibers, including predictive modeling (mostly analytical), mechanical behavior of hermetic and non-hermetic coatings, adhesion and strippability problems, etc. The review is based primarily on the author's research conducted during his almost twenty-year tenure with Bell Laboratories, Basic Research, Murray Hill, New Jersey. The extension part concerns the application of a newly developed nanoparticle material (NPM) as an attractive substitute for the existing optical fiber coatings. The improvement over the existing knowledge-base is two-fold: 1) understanding of the role, objectives, challenges and approaches of structural mechanics in the design and reliability evaluations of coated optical fibers and fiber coatings; and 2) development (invention) of a new nano-particle material as an attractive substitute for the existing optical fiber coatings and, in some cases, of claddings as well. Some additional applications of the NPM are also addressed and briefly discussed.
Bio: Dr. Ephraim Suhir is a Fellow of the IEEE, the ASME, the APS (American Physical Society) and the SPE (Society of Plastics Engineers). He has authored more than 250 technical publications (papers, book chapters, books, patents), including monographs Structural Analysis of Microelectronic and Fiber Optic Systems, Van-Nostrand, 1991 and Applied Probability for Engineers and Scientists, McGraw-Hill, 1997. Dr. Suhir received numerous distinguished service and professional awards, including the 2004 ASME Worcester Read Warner Medal for outstanding contributions to the permanent literature of engineering, 2001 IMAPS John A. Wagnon Technical Achievement Award, 2000 IEEE Outstanding Sustained Technical Contribution Award, 2000 SPE Fred O. Conley Award, and 1999 ASME and Pi-Tau-Sigma Charles Russ Richards Memorial Award for distinguished contributions to the areas of engineering encompassed by these professional societies and laying a foundation of a new discipline "Structural Analysis in Microelectronics and Photonics". Dr. Suhir is a member of the IEEE Technical Activities Board (TAB), and Distinguished Lecturer of the IEEE CPMT Society. He has presented numerous invited and keynote talks and taught many continuing education courses worldwide.