2010 Events

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December 16, 2010: Joint Meeting with SCV-SSCS Chapter "The Scientific Search for ET" by Dr. Seth Shostak, SETI Institute

Abstract: The scientific hunt for extraterrestrial intelligence is now into its fifth decade, and we still haven't uncovered a confirmed peep from any cosmic company. Could this mean that finding aliens, even if they exist, is a project for the ages - one that might take centuries or longer?

New technologies for use in the Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence (SETI) suggest that, despite the continued dearth of signals from other societies, there is good reason to expect that success might not be far off - that we might find evidence of sophisticated civilizations within a few decades.

What would contact tell us, and what would it mean to us, and to our descendants?

Seth Shostak

Bio: Seth is the Senior Astronomer at the SETI Institute, in Mountain View, California. He has an undergraduate degree in physics from Princeton University, and a doctorate in astronomy from the California Institute of Technology. For much of his career, Seth conducted radio astronomy research on galaxies, and has published approximately sixty papers in professional journals.

He has written several hundred popular magazine and Web articles on various topics in astronomy, technology, film and television. He lectures on astronomy and other subjects at Stanford and other venues in the Bay Area, and for the last six years, has been a Distinquished Speaker for the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics. He is also Chair of the International Academy of Astronautics' SETI Permanent Study Group. Every week he hosts the SETI Institute's science radio show, "Are We Alone"

Seth has edited and contributed to a half dozen books. His most recent tome is Confessions of an Alien Hunter: A Scientist's Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence (National Geographic).

November 2, 2010: "SOFIA: NASA's Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy" by Helen J. Hall, Associate Director of SOFIA with USRA, NASA Ames

Abstract: SOFIA

SOFIA, a 2.5-meter (100-inch) telescope mounted in a 747SP aircraft, is nearing the end of its development and testing phase and is ready to start regular scientific observations by the end of 2010. You'll hear the story of why and how this amazing feat of engineering has been accomplished, and what kinds of scientific returns we can expect from this international research facility.

Helen Hall

Bio: Ms Helen Hall is the Associate Director for Program Management for the Stratospheric Observatory for Infra-red Astronomy (SOFIA) with the Universities Space Research Association at NASA Ames. She is responsible for the Line Management and overall execution of the USRA project baseline. USRA operates the Science Center for SOFIA. Helen came to USRA from a 25 year career in the Nuclear Weapons Business. She began her engineering career at the Nevada Test Site designing and later building the test beds and containment structures during the end of nuclear testing. She served in various manager capacities in support of the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) Experimental Program and later hired on with Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) as Project Director for Line Item Construction Projects. Helen holds a Bachelor's of Science degree in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC). She received a musical scholarship for playing the oboe. She is a member of the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE).

October 5, 2010: "Principles of Canesta CMOS 3D Time of Flight Systems" by Dr. Cyrus Bamji, Co-founder and CTO of Canesta

Abstract: Canesta's 3D electronic perception technology allows electronic devices to perceive their environment by providing accurate 3D information about the world around them. Canesta's 3D time of flight sensor is a massively parallel LIDAR on a single CMOS chip. When coupled to a light source such as a LED, laser or VCSEL, each 3D pixel on the chip provides independent distance information to objects in the field of view of the device. The basic operating principle of Canesta's CMOS phase-based pixel technology is described. An analysis of the factors influencing sensor performance is presented and an explanation of how to build a time of flight system that meets the requirements of a given application is provided. Applications for 3D time of flight systems are described and advantages of these systems over competing methods are discussed. Canesta's latest high resolution 3D camera will be demonstrated.

Bio: Dr. Cyrus Bamji is the Co-founder and CTO of Canesta Inc. He has 9 years of industry experience working in Electronic Design Automation. Previously he held the position of Architect, at Cadence Design Systems. He has an SB in Math, SB in CS, SM and Ph.D. in EECS all from MIT.

He has interest in and is conversant with a wide variety of technical disciplines including Physics, Math, Electrical Engineering, and Computer Science. His work in the area of hierarchical layout compaction has produced a quantum improvement in the state of the art in this area and is recognized as a landmark achievement. He is the author of over 15 conference papers and journal articles presented at top rated IEEE Conferences. Of these papers, three have won the best paper award at their respective conferences. He is the inventor of 19 granted patents, with many more pending. He is also the author of a book on Leaf Cell and Hierarchical Compaction Techniques. At Canesta Dr. Bamji is involved in the design and implementation of next generation high performance time of flight detectors and pixels.

September 7, 2010: "Medical Image Processing in Ophthalmology and Beyond" by Dr. Jonathan Oakley

Abstract: This talk will cover medical imaging processing methods, what is currently the state of the art, and how these are being used to support clinicians and radiologists. Particular emphasis will be given to ophthalmic applications.

Bio: Dr. Jonathan Oakley studied Computer Science at the University of York, England. Following a Masters from the department of Medical Physics at University College, London, he completed his Ph.D. In medical image processing at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich. After academia he was relocated to San Jose while working for KLA-Tencor, but later returned to medical imaging with Fujifilm and then Carl Zeiss Meditec Inc. At Zeiss, Jonathan has worked exclusively on Optical Coherence Tomography images, leveraging his background in radiology to create and productize algorithms for the CirrusTM instrument's motion correction, all Cirrus registration algorithms, Optic Disc centering (AutoCenterTM), Corneal segmentation, Selective Pixel ProfilingTM, and the just released Optic Nerve Head segmentation algorithm. More recently he has developed inner retina segmentation algorithms that have generated new scientific findings and consequently new market opportunities for ophthalmic imaging in the neurological domain.

In June of this year, Jonathan created an independent consulting firm, Pixeleron, specializing in medical image processing, and ophthalmology in particular. His talk will cover medical imaging processing methods, what is currently the state of the art, and how these are being used to support clinicians and radiologists. Particular emphasis will be given to ophthalmic applications.

August 3, 2010: "Entrepreneurship in Photonics" by Dr. Larry R. Marshall, Southern Cross Ventures

Abstract: Dr. Larry R. Marshall came to the US from Australia in the late 80's - after getting on the job management training at Fibertek, he started his 1st company with no idea of who the customer was, or what exactly the product would be, and learned many valuable & somewhat painful lessons. As a foreign emigrant going he had no network, alumini, no idea of how to raise money or build a business. Bob Byer at Stanford was very kind to him, as was Milton Chang, which helped a lot. This talk will focus on his mistakes and what he leaned, how he learned to network, engineer, market and sell products and ultimately to build a successful business and take it thru an IPO. Since then he have co-founded 6 companies which were lucky enough to create 2 IPOs and 4 decent trade sales. He always learned a lot more from his mistakes, so this talk will sound a little like a comedy of errors, but hopefully be all the more informative as a result.

Dr. Larry R. Marshall

Bio: Dr. Larry R Marshall is Managing Director at Southern Cross Ventures, an early-stage venture capital firm based in Silicon Valley & Sydney, specializing on growing Australian technology companies on the global stage. Dr Marshall previously served as Managing Director of Arasor where he completed the company's IPO (ASX:ARR). He now serves on the boards of Quantenna, Mocana, RIO, SXVP, Wave Semi, and Advance. Dr Marshall has founded 6 successful US companies over the past 20 years, in biotechnology, photonics, and semiconductors; driving two of them to successful IPOs, and 4 to high-return trade sales. Before that he was Chairman of AOC, and of Intersymbol, an Intel Capital company, which he successfully sold to Kodeos, joined Kodeos board, and recently sold the company to Finisar (Nasdaq:FNSR). He was previously CEO and co-founder of Translucent, developing optical gain in Silicon for interconnects, which was acquired by Silex (ASX:SLX) after a successful partnership with a large US public semiconductor corporation. Prior to Translucent, he was CEO and founder of Lightbit Corporation manufacturing unique optical processors for Telecom Regenerators and Biotechnology chips which merged with Arasor Corporation in 2004. Prior to Lightbit, Larry was Vice President of Iridex (Nasdaq:IRIX) which completed an initial public offering on Nasdaq in Feb 1996, and co-founded spin-offs Iriderm and Iridex OEM Group. He was CEO and founder of Light Solutions where he rolled out the first visible semiconductor lasers and formed Iridex. Prior to Light Solutions he ran Business Development, and formerly Technical Programs at Fibertek, where he rolled out the first 1540nm parametric laser. He holds 20 patents protecting numerous commercial products, and has over 100 publications and presentations. He received a prestigious Federation Fellowship, chaired Advanced Solid State Photonics, sits on the Advisory Board of Laser Focus World and holds Board positions at Arasor, AOC, and Kodeos. Larry was born in Sydney Australia, and received his BS Honors from Macquarie University (Sydney), and PhD from the Commonwealth Centre of Excellence.

May 19, 2010: "Half a Century of Lasers - how it all got started" by Jeff Hecht

Abstract: The laser's conceptual roots go back to Albert Einstein's idea of stimulated emission, but the action didn't start until the invention of the microwave maser in the 1950s. The next logical step was to the higher frequencies of light waves, but how to get there was a problem. Charles Townes formulated the physics problem of how to build a laser. Then he and Gordon Gould separately solved it on paper, launching a race to make the laser that soon involved Bell Labs, ARPA, Columbia University, IBM, American Optical, and other labs. The winner of the race was a dark horse, Theodore Maiman of Hughes Research Labs, with an elegant design that others replicated within weeks of its disclosure, starting the laser age. This talk will describe the laser race, and the dawn of the laser age.

Bio: Jeff Hecht is the author of Beam: The Race to Make the Laser (Oxford University Press, 2005), Understanding Lasers 3rd ed (IEEE Press/Wiley 2008) and several other books. He is a contributing editor to Laser Focus World, a correspondent for New Scientist magazine, and writes regularly for Optics & Photonics News. He holds a B.S. in electronic engineering from Caltech, and has been writing about lasers since 1974.

April 6, 2010: "Field Trip to Tour X-Ray Laser at SLAC" by Dr. John Arthur, SLAC

Abstract: The Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) began operation in 2009 as the world's first hard x-ray free-electron laser facility. Driven by high-energy, ultra-short pulses of electrons prepared by the venerable linear accelerator at the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory in Menlo Park, LCLS is more than a billion times brighter than any other x-ray source. Its sub-picosecond x-ray pulses will be used to study the ultra-fast dynamics of nanoscale and atomic-scale systems. LCLS has already surpassed its design goals, and is poised to take a place as one of the premier scientific facilities in the country.

Bio: John Arthur received his PhD from MIT, studying neutron interferometry. He has been at SLAC since 1986, spending most of his time exploring new techniques for studying materials with x-rays. He was intrigued by a proposal presented at a conference in 1992 that described how the SLAC linac could drive an x-ray laser. He helped organize a number of workshops which developed the basis for the scientific case for the project that became LCLS, and led the team that designed the LCLS x-ray beamline. He now serves as head of the LCLS X-ray Operations Department.

March 2, 2010: "Laser plasma accelerators: 1 GeV in 3 cm and beyond" by Dr. Wim Leemans, Accelerator and Fusion Research Division, LBNL

Abstract: Accelerators are essential tools of discovery and have many practical uses. At the forefront of accelerator technology are the machines that deliver beams for particle physics, for synchrotron and free electron based radiation sources. The technology that drives these accelerators is extremely sophisticated but is limited by the maximum sustainable accelerating field. This impacts the size and cost of the device. More than two decades ago, lasers were proposed as power source for driving novel accelerators based on plasmas as the accelerating medium. An overview will be presented of laser accelerator research at LBNL, including the 2004 demonstration of high quality electron beams [1] and the 2006 demonstration of GeV class beams from a 3 cm long accelerating structure [2]. We then discuss the key challenges for broad applicability of this technology to advanced light sources and high energy physics.

Bio: Dr. Wim Leemans obtained an electrical engineering/applied physics degree from the "Vrije Universiteit Brussel", Belgium in '85, and a Ph.D. degree in electrical engineering in '91 from UCLA. He received the '92 American Physical Society (APS) Simon Ramo award for outstanding doctoral thesis research work in plasma physics. In 1991 he joined LBNL and is currently a senior scientist and Head of the LOASIS Program and Director of the Berkeley Lab Laser Accelerator (BELLA ) Project. He is also an Adjunct Professor in Physics at the University of Nevada, Reno. He works on laser based advanced accelerator concepts and novel radiation sources. He is a Fellow of the APS, a Fellow of IEEE, and received the 2005 USPAS Prize for Achievement in Accelerator Physics and Technology.

He is also the recipient of the Department of Energy's prestigious E. O. Lawrence Award for 2009, cited for his breakthrough work with laser plasma accelerators.

February 2, 2010: "Photonics in the Zettabyte Network Evolution" by Dr. Loukas Paraschis, Cisco Systems, 2009 IEEE Photonics Society Distinguished Lecturer

Abstract: This presentation reviews the advancements in converged WDM network architectures, system, standards, and the enabling photonics technology. The scalable, cost-effective network evolution is very important for supporting the bandwidth demand of broadband and business applications, which is currently growing at more than 50 % CAGR, and expected by 2012 to exceed globally 40 Exabytes per month. These network requirements have increasingly motivated a fundamental shift towards combining DWDM and packets (datagrams), leading to the most significant evolution of transport networks in recent history. The emerging, converged, "open", intelligent DWDM layer improves significantly the network capital and operational cost. We review the interplay among the network architectures, systems, and enabling photonics technology innovations, most notably including reconfigurable wavelength optical-add-drop and switching, and recent advancements in DWDM transmission leveraging new modulation formats and electronic processing, which have collectively enabled fiber communication systems to cost-effectively scale to Tb/s and thousands of km. Future network evolution, and related research topics are also being considered.

Bio: Loukas (Lucas) Paraschis is solutions business development manager at Cisco, responsible for next generation core network architectures in emerging markets. At Cisco, he has worked also on IP-over-WDM architectures, multi-service metro WDM systems, and optical transport technologies, and the associated market development efforts. Prior to his current role, Loukas worked as an R&D engineer, product manager, and technical leader in optical networking and core routing, and completed graduate studies at Stanford University (PhD applied physics 1999, MS EE 1998). He has (co)authored more than 70 peerreviewed publications, invited, and tutorial presentations, a book, a book chapter, technical reports, and three patent applications, has been associate editor for optical networks of the Journal of Communication and Networks, guest editor of the IEEE Journal of Lightwave Technology, member of the IEEE (SM'06), the OSA, and multiple conference organizing committees, and is an IEEE Photonics Society Distinguished Lecturer (2009). Loukas was born in Athens, Greece, where he completed his undergraduate studies.

January 13, 2010: Joint meeting with SCV-CPMT "High-Reliability Through Silicon Via (TSV) Solutions for Image Sensor Packaging" by Dr. Bel Haba, Fellow & CTO of ICM division, Tessera

Abstract: There is no doubt that the potential of imaging is astronomical. Current and potential markets include digital still cameras, business applications, Web-cams, cell phone cameras, security cameras, gaming, video, automotive and toys. In 2009, the industry shipped 2.5B image sensor units with an average selling price of $5 - providing a total addressable market of $12B. This presentation will discuss image sensor and camera module trends and growth. It will trace the growing movement in the image sensor market from chip-on-board to wafer-level packaging for cost savings and other advantages. It also will trace the image sensor evolution toward wafer-level packaging and introduce through-silicon via (TSV) wafer-level chip-scale packaging, and how to address the barriers to adoption with a new approach.

Bio: Belgacem Haba is a Tessera Fellow and chief technology officer for the Interconnect, Components & Materials (ICM) division. He is responsible for directing research and strategic development in leading-edge packaging technology.

Haba came to Tessera from SiliconPipe Inc., a high-speed Internet start-up company which he co-founded. During his 20 year career, he has held management positions in research and development at Rambus, NEC Central Research Laboratories, and the IBM T.J. Watson Research Center.

He has published over 100 articles, holds 100 U.S. patents and more than 140 international patents and patent applications. He is a member of the IEEE Components, Packaging, and Manufacturing Technology Society.

Haba holds a bachelor's degree with honors in physics from the University of Bab-Ezouar, Algeria, master's degrees in applied physics and materials science and a doctorate in materials science and engineering from Stanford University.