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2002 IEEE NSS/MIC

Norfolk Waterside Convention Center

November 10-16, 2002
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Other Education Activities

High School Teacher Outreach Program, Monday, Nov. 11

Compton Scatter Imaging Workshop, Thursday, Nov. 14

Workshop on Nuclear Radiology of Breast Cancer, Saturday & Sunday,
Nov. 16 and 17
(advance registration required -- deadline Nov. 1)


High School Teacher Outreach Program
Monday, November 11 at Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (JLab)

Speakers:

 9:00-10:15am  Bill Moses  Lawrence Berkeley National Lab
 10:30-11:45am  Josh Klein  University of Texas at Austin
 1:00-2:15pm  Kanai Shah  Radiation Monitoring Devices
 7:00-8:00pm  Michael Levi  Lawrence Berkeley National Lab

Abstract:

Local teachers have been invited to spend the day at Jefferson Lab. The day will start at the Lab's auditorium (CEBAF Center) at 8:45 with an introduction by the JLab Science Education Manager, Jan Tyler, and by the NSS Program Chair, Nigel Lockyer. This will be followed by the series of talks listed above. The evening talk by Michael Levi will be open to the public.

Directions to Jefferson Lab are available at: http://www.jlab.org/user_resources/travel/maps/maps4.html. For further information about this event, please contact Jan Tyler via email or by phone at 757-269-7164.

The Physics of Nuclear Medical Imaging

Bill Moses
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab

This talk describes the physics underlying Nuclear Medical Imaging, a
group of techniques that are commonly used to diagnose and assist in
treatment planning for cancer, heart disease, and neurological
diseases such as Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease. With
these techniques, the patient is injected with a radioactive drug.
The drug accumulates within the body depending on the biological
nature of the drug and the disease (for example, there is a
radioactive sugar that accumulates in rapidly growing cancers). The
drug undergoes radioactive decay and gamma rays that are emitted by
the drug pass through the patient. These gamma rays are imaged, and
the resulting image helps the physician diagnose and treat patients.
Two commonly types of nuclear medical imaging are known as Single
Photon Emission Computed Tomography (SPECT), where the drug that is
used emits a single gamma ray, and Positron Emission Tomography
(PET), where the drug that is used effectively emits a pair of
back-to-back gamma rays.

The talk concentrates on the physics of nuclear medical imaging, but
will also describe the medical motivation and the reasons for using
nuclear medical imaging rather than other medical imaging techniques
(such as x-ray, ultrasound, or MRI). The topics discussed will
include the different radioisotopes used and the methods used to
produce them, the physics of image formation, the underlying
principles of the PET and SPECT cameras that image the emitted
radioactivity, and the mathematics used to reconstruct images.

Solar Neutrino Astronomy: Birth After 30 Years of Labor

Josh Klein, Asst. Prof. of Physics
University of Texas, Austin, TX

Thirty years ago, Ray Davis and his colleagues made the first attempt to study the Sun using neutrinos, particles which interact with matter so weakly that they can travel through through the Earth more easily than sunlight through a window pane. The Sun produces neutrinos in the nuclear reactions which provide its power, and the neutrinos come to us directly from the Sun's center where the energy is produced. Davis's experiment was expected to be a great triumph for the nuclear power theory of the Sun and the beginning of solar neutrino astronomy, but what he found was a surprise: the neutrinos were there, but there were not nearly enough of them. Before being able to use neutrinos to understand the Sun, we had to understand what was happening to the neutrinos.

After three decades and six different experiments, we finally believe we know the answer. The recent results from the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory tell us that the neutrinos the Sun is producing are changing from one type into another---all the neutrinos are there, we just weren't looking at the right ones. And while this solves one old problem, it helps create a new one, for it tells us that our most fundamental theories of the behavior of the microscopic Universe are at best incomplete. For twenty years our model of the fundamental particles has been mapped in great detail, but with the results from SNO and other recent neutrino experiments, we have discovered that there is territory yet to be explored.

With SNO's results we therefore have the creation of two new fields, one in which we will strive to understand the newly discovered properties of neutrinos themselves, and one in which we return to Davis's original goal, using neutrinos to understand what happens inside the Sun.

Nuclear and Medical Instrumentation Development at RMD

Kanai S. Shah
Radiation Monitoring Devices, Watertown, MA 02472

Radiation Monitoring Devices (RMD), a small, high technology company is involved in development of products based on nuclear instrumentation for use in medical, environmental, nuclear waste cleaning, nuclear non-proliferation and other related applications. Activities at RMD include research and development of sensors, instruments, and systems. Room temperature semiconductors, novel scintillators, solid state optical detectors, new digital imaging detectors, and multi-element electronic readout systems are all being investigated at RMD. RMD has commercialized various products utilizing nuclear instrumentation. This includes a surgical probe system (shown below on the left) that is used in detection of radiolabeled tissue for detection of breast cancer. Another system uses a room temperature semiconductor detector for detection of lead that may be present in house-hold paint (shown below on the right). Various other sensors and systems in research and development stages will also be discussed. Further information about RMD's research activities as well as its commercial products can be obtained at RMD's website: http://www.rmdinc.com


**Special Evening Presentation - Open to the Public **

Supernova / Acceleration Probe (SNAP): Studying the Dark Energy of the Universe

Michael Levi
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Recent measurements carried out by the Supernova Cosmology Project (SCP) and the High-Z Supernova team have made the startling discovery that the expansion of the universe is accelerating. The source of this acceleration is more powerful than the gravitation from all seen and unseen forms of matter and known energy. Michael Levi will discuss how the Supernova / Acceleration Probe (SNAP) Mission will provide an understanding of the mechanism driving the acceleration of the universe.

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Compton scatter imaging workshop

Thursday, November 14, 2002, 7:00 to 9:00 pm
Marriott - Norfolk Ballroom 1st Floor
Registration: none, open to all

Chairman: Gary Royle, University College London

7:00 Compton cameras for medical imaging
Neal Clinthorne, University of Michigan

7:30 The advanced Compton telescope
Richard Kroeger, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington

8:00 Development of a high-pressure xenon electroluminescence absorption detector with fibre readout for a Compton camera
Alexander Bolozdynya, Constellation Technology Corporation

8:15 A Novel High Resolution Compton Detector for Positron Emission Tomography
Tumay Tumer, University of California

8:30 Compton camera question and answer session with expert panel

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Workshop on the Nuclear Radiology of Breast Cancer

Saturday and Sunday, November 16-17, 2002
Registration fee: USD $150
Registration deadline: November 1, 2002. There will be no on-site registration.

Organizers: Martin Tornai, Duke University
Craig Levin, UCSD

ABSTRACT

This one-and-a-half day workshop is supported in part by the Susan G. Komen Breast Cancer Foundation and the IEEE NPSS. The workshop will cover issues related to nuclear emission imaging for breast cancer evaluation. Topics will include specific biological markers, radiotracers, new instrumentation and methods designed for breast cancer identification and localization, comparison to conventional and other emerging breast imaging technologies, clinical practicality issues, cost-effectiveness, industrial perspectives, and funding opportunities

STUDENT STIPENDS

There will be five USD $500 travel grants available for graduate students or post-doctoral fellows to attend the workshop. Interested applicants who have made contributions to research relevant to nuclear emission breast imaging should submit a short list of qualifications and a one-to-two paragraph (max. one page) statement as to why they should be awarded a grant to attend the workshop. If applicable, the student/post-doc grant applicant may also include the abstract and two pages of supporting data describing their work that was submitted to the 2002 IEEE NSS/MIC meeting. Completed travel grant applications should be submitted by e-mail to CLEVIN@UCSD.EDU and MARTIN.TORNAI@DUKE.EDU no later than October 18, 2002.

WORKSHOP OUTLINE

DAY ONE: Saturday, November 16, 2002, 12:30PM - 7:30PM (including lunch and dinner):

LUNCHEON
I. Background and Significance of Breast Cancer/Disease
A. Biological Markers and Their Use in Breast Cancer Detection (Margaret Huflejt, PhD)
B. Digital Mammography (Laurie Fajardo, MD)
II. Breast Imaging and Disease Management with Clinical Nuclear Medicine
A. The Role of Nuclear Medicine: Methods and Pitfalls
(David Mankoff, MD,PhD)
B. The Need for Nuclear Medicine Techniques for Breast Imaging (Iraj Khalkhali, MD)
C. Evidence-Based Breast Imaging Technology: Payer Derived Cost-Effectiveness (Frank Papatheofanis, MD,PhD)
III. Questions & Panel Discussion
DINNER - Discussion
 
DAY TWO: Sunday, November 17, 2002, 7:30AM - 5:10PM (including breakfast and lunch)
 
BREAKFAST
I. Summary of Previous Day's Lectures and Brief Introduction
II. Radiopharmaceutical Development for Breast Cancer (Michael Welch, PhD)
III. Radionuclide Emission Imaging/Detection Techniques for Breast Cancer
A. Single Photon Approaches
o Development and Implementation of Dedicated Scintimammography at Jefferson Lab
(Stan Majewski, PhD)
o May Dedicated SPECT Scanners Bring the Detection of Breast Masses Down to the Subcentimeter Level? (Roberto Pani, PhD)
o Advanced Gamma Cameras for Breast Cancer and Sentinel Node Lymphoscintigraphy
(Bradley Patt, PhD)
o Full Field Mammotomography
(Martin Tornai, PhD)
LUNCH BREAK - Discussion
B. Coincident Photon Approaches
o Positron Emission Mammography Guided Biopsy (Raymond Raylman, PhD)
o Positron Emission Mammography of Early Breast Cancer (Irving Weinberg, MD,PhD)
o A Dedicated Breast PET Imager, BPET, Using NaI(Tl) Curved Plate Detectors (Richard Freifelder, PhD)
C. Multi-Modality Approaches
o Combined Planar X-ray and Gamma Ray Breast Scanner (Mark Williams, PhD)
o Clinical Studies at McGill with PEM-1: Results and Prospects for the Future (Chris Thompson, DSc)
o Dual Modality Breast Imaging (Alberto del Guerra, PhD)
D. Questions & Panel Discussion
IV. The Industry Perspective on Nuclear Medicine Breast Imaging
A. Digital Scintigraphics, Inc. (Sebastian Genna, PhD)
B. Dilon Technologies, Inc. (Lon Slane)
C. Gamma Medica, Inc. (Bradley Patt, PhD)
D. General Electric, Inc. (Charles Stearns, PhD)
E. PEM Technologies, Inc. (Irving Weinberg, MD,PhD)
F. Philips/ADAC/Marconi (Daniel Gagnon, PhD)
G. Siemens Medical Systems (Douglas Wagenaar, PhD)
H. Questions & Panel Discussion
V. The Future of Funding Radionuclide Breast Imaging
A. Grant & Contracts: How Can I Fund My Great Idea? - A Primer on Government (NIH) Funding for Research (Barbara Croft, PhD)
B. Funding at the Komen Foundation (Speaker TBD)
VI. Synopsis & Closing

REGISTRATION DEADLINE & CONTACT INFORMATION:
The registration fee of USD $150 (due November 1, 2002) will cover meals and handouts as part of the workshop. To register for the workshop, please contact CLEVIN@UCSD.EDU or MARTIN.TORNAI@DUKE.EDU. Due to meal planning, there will be no on-site registration.

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